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English first additional language

Grade 4

The world of music

Module 30

Kwaito

Activity 1

To answer and begin to ask some more complex questions [lo 5.2.1]

KWAITO

1. Read the paragraph on the following page carefully, twice. Now, write questions that start with the following words:

1.1 Which is ……………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

1.2 How do you think …………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………...

………………………………………………………………………………

1.3 Where will …………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………...

………………………………………………………………………………

1.4 Where does ………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………..

1.5 What does ………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

1.6 Who ………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………..

You now have a picture of some of the oldest pop music, as well as some of the latest. One of the very latest forms of music is kwaito. It is South African pop music. It is a mixture of South African disco music, hip-hop, reggae, R&B and house music. It has a very strong beat, and the words (called lyrics) are chanted, not sung. Although it has its roots in the townships, it is not only a black African style. A white Afrikaans boy, Francois Henning, is one of South Africa’s most famous kwaito artists. His stage name is “Legowa” (Sesotho for “White Man”). It is also said that kwaito got its name from the Afrikaans word “kwaai”, meaning great or hot. If you hear music with a heavy beat pumping from a taxi, you can be sure it is kwaito.

Activity 2

To identify similarities and differences between things [lo 5.2.4]

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

1. The violin, viola, cello and bass all belong to the same family of instruments because they are similar, but they are not the same. Using the key words below, name as many similarities as well as differences between these four instruments. Use the diagrams as well as the information provided.

A violin is a stringed instrument that is played with a bow. Several other instruments are similar to the violin. They are considered members of the violin family.

A violin is a special kind of box that amplifies (makes louder) the sound of the strings stretched across it. The violin has four strings. The strings are attached to pegs set in the head. The player tightens the strings with these pegs to tune them to the correct notes.

The violin is usually played with a bow. The bow is a curved stick about 69 centimetres long that has a flat ribbon of hair attached to it. This ribbon consists of more than 150 horsehairs.

To play the violin, the player tucks the end of the violin between the chin and the left shoulder. The bow is held in the player's right hand.

The player can also pluck the strings with the fingers, a form of violin playing that is known as pizzicato.

A viola is a stringed musical instrument that resembles a large violin. The viola plays lower notes than the violin. Like the other members of the violin family, the viola has four strings and is played with a bow. The instrument produces a distinctive rich, velvety sound. The viola is played in the same manner as the violin.

A cello is a stringed musical instrument of the violin family that is played with a bow. It is also called violoncello. The cello is shaped like a violin but is much larger. The cello measures about 1,2 meters long and about 0,5 meters across its widest part. It has four strings. The cello, supported by an endpin, is held between the knees in an upright position.

A bass is a stringed musical instrument. It is the largest and lowest-pitched member of the violin family. It is also called the bass violin, contrabass, or double bass. A bass measures about 1,8 meters long. Most basses have four strings. The player's right hand plucks the strings or uses a bow. The left hand sets the pitch by pressing the strings against the fingerboard.

strings, bow, endpin, chin, size, sound, upright,

knees, shape, plucked

SIMILARITIES

They all have…

They are all…

They can all…

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

DIFFERENCES

The … do not have…

The … are played…

The … have an …

The … are positioned …

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

Assessment

Learning outcome 5: thinking and reasoning

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.2 uses language for thinking:

5.2.1 answers and begins to ask some more complex questions (e.g. “Why…?” “How do you think…?”);

5.2.4 identifies similarities and differences between things (e.g. between a helicopter and an aeroplane).

Memorandum

Activity 1

Possible Answers:

a) Which is one of the latest forms of music?

b) How do you think the word Kwaito originates?

c) Where will you hear a heavy beat pumping?

d) Where does Kwaito have its roots?

e) What does Legowa mean?

f) Who is one of South Africa’s most famous Kwaito artists?

Activity 2

Possible Answers

  • They all have four strings.
  • They are all played with a bow.
  • They can all be plucked.
  • They all have the same shape.
  • The violin and viola do not have an endpin.
  • The cello and bass are held upright.
  • The violin and viola are positioned under the chin.
  • The bigger the instrument the deeper / lower its sound.
  • They vary in size.
  • The cello is held between the knees.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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