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English first additional language

Grade 4

The world of music

Module 30

Kwaito

Activity 1

To answer and begin to ask some more complex questions [lo 5.2.1]

KWAITO

1. Read the paragraph on the following page carefully, twice. Now, write questions that start with the following words:

1.1 Which is ……………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………

1.2 How do you think …………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………...

………………………………………………………………………………

1.3 Where will …………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………...

………………………………………………………………………………

1.4 Where does ………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………..

1.5 What does ………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………….

1.6 Who ………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………..

You now have a picture of some of the oldest pop music, as well as some of the latest. One of the very latest forms of music is kwaito. It is South African pop music. It is a mixture of South African disco music, hip-hop, reggae, R&B and house music. It has a very strong beat, and the words (called lyrics) are chanted, not sung. Although it has its roots in the townships, it is not only a black African style. A white Afrikaans boy, Francois Henning, is one of South Africa’s most famous kwaito artists. His stage name is “Legowa” (Sesotho for “White Man”). It is also said that kwaito got its name from the Afrikaans word “kwaai”, meaning great or hot. If you hear music with a heavy beat pumping from a taxi, you can be sure it is kwaito.

Activity 2

To identify similarities and differences between things [lo 5.2.4]

SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

1. The violin, viola, cello and bass all belong to the same family of instruments because they are similar, but they are not the same. Using the key words below, name as many similarities as well as differences between these four instruments. Use the diagrams as well as the information provided.

A violin is a stringed instrument that is played with a bow. Several other instruments are similar to the violin. They are considered members of the violin family.

A violin is a special kind of box that amplifies (makes louder) the sound of the strings stretched across it. The violin has four strings. The strings are attached to pegs set in the head. The player tightens the strings with these pegs to tune them to the correct notes.

The violin is usually played with a bow. The bow is a curved stick about 69 centimetres long that has a flat ribbon of hair attached to it. This ribbon consists of more than 150 horsehairs.

To play the violin, the player tucks the end of the violin between the chin and the left shoulder. The bow is held in the player's right hand.

The player can also pluck the strings with the fingers, a form of violin playing that is known as pizzicato.

A viola is a stringed musical instrument that resembles a large violin. The viola plays lower notes than the violin. Like the other members of the violin family, the viola has four strings and is played with a bow. The instrument produces a distinctive rich, velvety sound. The viola is played in the same manner as the violin.

A cello is a stringed musical instrument of the violin family that is played with a bow. It is also called violoncello. The cello is shaped like a violin but is much larger. The cello measures about 1,2 meters long and about 0,5 meters across its widest part. It has four strings. The cello, supported by an endpin, is held between the knees in an upright position.

A bass is a stringed musical instrument. It is the largest and lowest-pitched member of the violin family. It is also called the bass violin, contrabass, or double bass. A bass measures about 1,8 meters long. Most basses have four strings. The player's right hand plucks the strings or uses a bow. The left hand sets the pitch by pressing the strings against the fingerboard.

strings, bow, endpin, chin, size, sound, upright,

knees, shape, plucked

SIMILARITIES

They all have…

They are all…

They can all…

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

DIFFERENCES

The … do not have…

The … are played…

The … have an …

The … are positioned …

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

Assessment

Learning outcome 5: thinking and reasoning

The learner will able to use language to think and reason, and access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

5.2 uses language for thinking:

5.2.1 answers and begins to ask some more complex questions (e.g. “Why…?” “How do you think…?”);

5.2.4 identifies similarities and differences between things (e.g. between a helicopter and an aeroplane).

Memorandum

Activity 1

Possible Answers:

a) Which is one of the latest forms of music?

b) How do you think the word Kwaito originates?

c) Where will you hear a heavy beat pumping?

d) Where does Kwaito have its roots?

e) What does Legowa mean?

f) Who is one of South Africa’s most famous Kwaito artists?

Activity 2

Possible Answers

  • They all have four strings.
  • They are all played with a bow.
  • They can all be plucked.
  • They all have the same shape.
  • The violin and viola do not have an endpin.
  • The cello and bass are held upright.
  • The violin and viola are positioned under the chin.
  • The bigger the instrument the deeper / lower its sound.
  • They vary in size.
  • The cello is held between the knees.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11093/1.1
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