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The design of the program is informed by an adult learning framework which postulates three key pedagogical elements that should be incorporated in 21st century classrooms, (1) utilize collaboration (i.e., groups or teams); (2) are problem or project-based; (3) have a practical or real-life (authentic) focus. This framework is also referred to as “relate – create – donate” (Kearsely&Shneiderman, 1998). The implementation of online threaded discussions, digital portfolios, and communities of practice follow this theory of “relate – create – donate.”

The purpose of the innovative technologies is to allow for the third space of critical thinking, self-awareness, and praxis to occur for principal candidates. Program outcomes confirm that this “third space” that is critical to the development of effective school leaders transcends delivery mode and is attainable through design and pedagogical techniques be it through traditional or distance delivery mechanisms. Furthermore, the third space becomes truly transformational when not only critical thinking of leadership is attained by students, but also a self-awareness about what is informing, shaping, or possibly biasing their beliefs as a school leader. This higher order cognition can be understood as a metacognitive process – that is – principal candidates are prepared to think about how and why they are thinking what they are thinking.


For both learning outcomes and assessment of student learning, individual portfolios are used; the University portfolio system is utilized in the introductory course of the program and used throughout for evaluation and representation of the student learning outcomes in the form of a capstone. The online program takes our usual program evaluation data a step further by enabling more frequent data collection and, we believe, better continued connections with students after graduation. We assess student learning via benchmark activities from key projects that are reviewed across students for program evaluation purposes; course evaluations by students (quarterly); satisfaction surveys of students (quarterly); feedback forms from Cohort Instructors about the type and quality of student work and interactions with the Internship Supervisors; capstone portfolios; and exit interviews with graduating students. These data are reviewed quarterly where possible by program leadership to catch potential issues early. The full array of assessment and program evaluation/student satisfaction data are collected and analyzed annually at the end of each cohort’s program, and reviewed by the full group of instructional personnel in order to identify and implement changes and updates in content, instructional processes, assessments, and program support services that are needed to improve the program for the next cohort. Similar data are collected for the university-district program, so that comparisons can and will be made to ensure that similar quality is present across all of our delivery models.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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