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Life orientation

Grade 4

Good health

Module 1

Healthy menus

In this module we are going to explore healthy eating habits and look at the menus of different cultural groups.

Activity 1

To prepare traditional mealie porridge [lo 1.1]

A recipe for traditional mealie porridge (for six people).

In South Africa a bowl of delicious unprocessed mealie-meal porridge is just the thing to give you energy for a hard day’s work. Drink a glass of fresh milk at breakfast just to make sure that you have enough calcium to keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy while you are still growing.

Here is a recipe for mealie meal porridge that you can make at home, or even at school. The recipe is enough for five cups of mealie meal porridge:

Ingredients:

One cup of mealie meal

Five to six cups of water

A pinch of salt

Method:

Boil the water and add the salt.

Mix the mealie meal with a little cold water.

Add the mealie meal to the boiling water, stirring all the time, until it thickens.

Stir the porridge now and then while it simmers gently. If it gets too thick, you can add a little water.

Serve it with milk and sugar, or some honey to taste.

Hint:

The water can be substituted by milk. This increases the nutritional value of the porridge.

Activity 2

To make a hotbox [lo 1.1]

Make a hotbox. It is a clever way of saving electricity.

Requirements:

A sturdy container, e.g. a cardboard box

Two old cushions

An old blanket, newspaper or pieces of material or bags

A pot that can hold at least one and a half litres of water. It is important that the pot must have a lid that fits tightly.

Ingredients as for the mealie porridge

Method:

Strengthen and insulate the cardboard box on the outside with the old blanket, bag or newspaper.

Put one cushion in the bottom of the box and make a hollow in it.

Bring the mealie porridge (as explained on the previous page) to the boil on a stove plate, primus stove or small fire.

Cover the pot tightly with the lid and put it in the hollow of the cushion in your hotbox.

Put the other cushion on top of the pot.

Put some more newspapers on top of the cushion and fold them in so that the heat will not escape.

After four hours the porridge will be cooked and it will be just the right temperature for eating!

You can also cook samp, dried beans, lentils and other grains in this way. Just remember to soak it overnight before cooking it.

Did you know that porridge could be cooked in the same way in a hot water (thermos) flask?

Activity 3

To plan a mother’s day breakfast [lo 1.1]

Group Work

1. Discuss what you have for breakfast. Offer suggestions on how to improve this meal.

2. What is your favourite breakfast?

  1. Design a magazine advertisement for your favourite breakfast porridge. Bear in mind that your target group is school children.
  2. Plan a television advertisement for a new breakfast cereal. Try to make up a “jingle” (short song) to advertise the product.

5. It is Mother’s Day and you have to think up a breakfast surprise for a wonderful mother.

Mother’s Day breakfast menu:

Evaluate the other group’s porridge:

Cooperation poor average good
Following instructions
Completing an assignment
Taste of the porridge

Comparative table for the method of cooking mealie porridge.

Method of cooking: Primus stove Three-legged pot over a small fire Hotbox Thermos flask
Preparation time (e.g. making the hotbox)
Cooking time
How long does it stay warm?
Tongue tip test (Which porridge was the tastiest?)

Activity 4

To compose an advertising jingle for a breakfast cereal [LO 1.1]

In your group decide on a product for which you want to compose a jingle. First discuss the requirements of a jingle.

My assessment of each group’s advertising jingle (make a tick in the appropriate column for each group):

Group Poor Average good

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HEALTH PROMOTION

The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.1 investigates menus from various cultures and suggests plans for healthy meals.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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