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This is written as the remainder (rem.) .

Begin with work in the number range of the tables (to tenth multiple). You will need much concrete work and lots of repetition, because it is very important that the learners understand what they are doing before you go on to larger numbers.

The learners must do research in books and pamphlets about the different traffic signs and discuss them before they complete the signs.

Many pictures and different objects with these shapes are required to ensure that the learners recognise all the shapes.

Make the learners aware of the fact that there is no easy way of folding or dividing for obtaining fifths of 2-D shapes. This must be determined by measuring .

It may be necessary to help the learners to determine the location of the first square that must be coloured in. Do not offer help if they are able to find it independently.

Encourage learners to tell where they live and how they would explain the route to their home to someone else. Help them to explain an easy route to find a certain room in the school.

Leaner section


Activity: divide with a rem [lo 1.7, lo 1.8, lo 3.1]

  • Bonny and Tommy discovered that some numbers couldn’t be divided equally. They are the numbers that are not multiples of the divisors. Sometimes the remainder can be divided into smaller parts, but this is not always possible.
  • Take a good look: Bonny has to divide 13 apples between herself and Tommy. How many will each one get?

13 ÷ 2 = 6½

  • Now look at this:

Tommy wants to divide 13 marbles equally between himself and Jaco. How many marbles will each one get and how many will be left over?

Each one gets 6 and 1 is left over. (Tommy cannot halve the marble.)

  • He thought about it like this:

The nearest multiple of 2 that is less than 13, is 12. He worked with 12 ÷ 2 and knew that 1 would be left over. (Regroup: 12 + 1) The 1 that is left over is known as the remainder . 13 ÷ 2 ¬ 6 rem. 1

Number sentence Nearest multiple Remainder Complete number sentence
1 3 ÷ 27 ÷ 21 1 ÷ 21 5 ÷ 21 9 ÷ 2 1 2 ÷ 2 = 6 1 1 3 ÷ 2 ¬ 6 rem 1
  • Do the same with the multiples of 3, 4, 5 and 10.
Number sentence Nearest multiple Remainder Complete number sentence
13 ÷ 317 ÷ 422 ÷ 526 ÷ 336 ÷ 1038 ÷ 523 ÷ 37 ÷ 49 ÷ 524 ÷ 10
  • Think!

  • Bonny has 67 one-cent pieces and she wants to divide them equally between herself and Tommy . How many will each one get and how many will be left over?

Each one will get 33 one-cent pieces and 1 cent left over.

  • Do the calculations. Use the method that you prefer:
46 ÷ 4 ¬ 68 ÷ 3 ¬
85 ÷ 2 ¬ 59 ÷ 5 ¬
  • Use your own method to solve the problems. Show how you do it.

Your educator has bought 57 pencils. How many learners will each get 5 pencils and how many pencils will be left over?

  • Granny has collected 95 eggs and she wants to provide 3 shops with an equal number of eggs. How many eggs will go to each shop and how many will be left over?
  • Dad has R87 and wants to buy pens at R4 each. How many pens can he buy and how much money will be left over?
  • Fill the answers in as quickly as possible:

  • Complete the work on the wheels of the bus:
  • Follow the number route to find out how far the bus has travelled. Begin at the triangle and end at the rectangle.
  • How many road signs do you see on the way to school? There are signs that: give warnings , give commands and provide information. Find out what these different road signs look like.
  • Use these circles, rectangles and triangles to draw your own road signs.


Learning Outcome 1: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.

Assessment Standard 1.7: We know this when the learner solves and explains solutions to practical problems that involve equal sharing and grouping and that lead to solutions that also include unitary and nonunitary fractions (e.g. ¼, ¾);

Assessment Standard 1.8: We know this when the learner can perform calculations, using appropriate symbols, to solve problems;

Learning Outcome 3: The learner will be able to describe and represent characteristics and relationships between two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects in a variety of orientations and positions.

Assessment Standard 3.1: We know this when the learner recognises, identifies and names two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects in the environment and in pictures.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 3. OpenStax CNX. Oct 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11128/1.1
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