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1. Read through the text labelled ‘Teaching children to speak up in Court’ and write down 3 complete sentences in which direct speech, written in inverted commas, is used. Use colour to identify the speaker’s actual words.

2. Each example below contains direct speech. Fill in the missing punctuation marks (such as “ ” ; capital letters ; ! ? . , ):

  1. Lenore states youngsters are unable to testify competently because they are frightened
  2. Children often feel guilty when they are intimidated said Judith
  3. Something must be done about it she added
  4. Judith replied When children are frightened they answer incorrectly.
  5. We don’t tell them what to say she replied.
  6. We use pictures and puppets to familiarize the children with court procedure said Judith
  7. She stated now children go to court prepared

We desperately need sponsorship in order to be able to continue with this

  • What is the function of the speech bubble?
  • What is the difference between a speech bubble and words written in inverted commas?
  • What punctuation marks do we use in direct speech?

3. What is Judith saying to Lita? Complete the speech bubbles.

4. Rewrite these speech bubbles in direct speech.

LO 4.1.1


(retelling or reporting what someone else has said)

  • Judith Booysen said, “We use puppets and teddies to prepare the children to speak in court.”
  • Judith Booysen said that they used puppets and teddies to prepare the children to speak in court.

To simplify the process of converting direct to indirect speech, remember the following rules:

  • Put the name first of the person who spoke
  • Use action words (following the name), such as said, told, replied, asked, …
that comes after the action word / or the words whether / if in the case of a question
  • Sometimes it makes more sense to change the sentence into past tense
  • Some words change – I – he/she ; me – him/her ; we – they ; us – them ; today – that day ; tomorrow – the next day ; yesterday – the day before ; here – there ; will - would

5. Change the following from direct to indirect speech by filling in the missing words:

  1. I feel sorry for all the traumatised children,” said Mom. Mom said that ________________feels sorry for all the traumatised children.
  2. “When I see a soft, cuddly teddy bear, I wish I could donate it to the Centre,” said Tootsie. Tootsie _____________________________when sees a soft, cuddly teddy bear ____________wishes _____________ could donate it to the Centre.
  3. Monique asked, “How much pocket money did you receive today?” ______________ _______________how much pocket money did _______________ receive _________________ .
  4. “I wasn’t here to collect it today,” replied Tootsie. Tootsie replied _____________ ____________________wasn’t ______________ to collect it __________________ .

6. In the task on Direct Speech, you were requested to find and copy down three sentences from the text. Your challenge now is to attempt to change the same sentences into Indirect Speech.

LO 4.4.2
  1. Rewrite the speech bubbles in indirect speech.

Work together with a partner in this task:

Who are the characters in the cartoon?
What happens in your cartoon?
What makes it funny?
Do you find it funny?- and your partner?
LO 3.2.1
LO 3.3

Study the given jokes and cartoons. Rate them from 1 (least funny) to 5 (most humorous). Motivate why . . .

LO 3.3

Can you be a comedian?Write down a funny (and clean!) joke.


LO 3
READING AND VIEWING The learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
3.1 reads and responds critically to a variety of South African and international fiction and non-fiction (journals, poetry, novels, short plays, newspapers, text books, etc.):
3.1.1 reads aloud and silently, adjusting reading strategies to suit the purpose and audience;
3.1.2 uses appropriate reading and comprehension strategies (skimming, and scanning, predictions, contextual clues, inferences, monitoring comprehension, etc.);
3.2 views and discusses various visual and multi-media texts:
3.2.1 interprets and discusses message;
3.3 explains interpretation and overall response to text, giving reasons based on the text or own experience.
LO 4
WRITING The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.
We know this when the learner:
4.1 writes different kinds of texts for different purposes and audiences:
4.1.1 writes for personal, exploratory, playful, imaginative and creative purposes;
4.2 develops and organises ideas through a writing process:
4.2.1 brainstorms ideas for a topic and develops ideas by consulting a wide variety of sources, selecting relevant information, and organising the ideas using strategies such as mind maps, flow charts, grids, etc.;
4.2.2 produces a first draft with awareness of the central idea, and appropriate language and conventions for the specific purpose and audience;
4.2.3 revises work, focusing on improving the language, organisation and style, using feedback from classmates and/or teacher;
4.2.6 produces a final version incorporating feedback from classmates and/or teacher;
4.2.7 reflects on and critically evaluates the final product on own, and with classmates and teacher.
4.4 applies knowledge of language at different levels:
4.4.2 sentence level.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10997/1.1
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