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An economic system where most of the assets (money and land) are in privately owned hands. In a communist country it would be owned by the state.

Chinese competitorship

Because China has such a large population, human labour is extremely cheap. Items such as clothing in particular, is manufactured at very low costs. These cheap articles are sold across the world at very low prices. Local manufacturers cannot compete with these prices – hence the loss of business and eventually they have to close down their factories. People lose their jobs and in the process unemployment figures soar.

Activity 1:

To understand the meaning of the word depression

[lo 2.1]

Make a tick next to the correct meaning of the word Depression :

  • When there is no economic growth . . . .
  • When there is a world-wide crisis . . .
  • When there is a laxity in trade . . . .

A tip

• When the value of money decreases, we speak of the depreciation of a money unit.

• When we say someone suffers from depression, it means that a person is constantly feeling miserable, or not in good spirits. The person’s mood is very low. In that case someone is said to suffer from depression.

Therefore we can say that the economy is “depressed” of “down” when there is a depression.

Activity 2:

To determine what products are imported or exported

[lo 2.1]

In some cases South Africa produces enough food, to the effect that the country can also export some of it.

Tick the foodstuffs that are being imported or exported:

Product Export Import
Deciduous fruit
Dairy products


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect critically on related processes.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 collects information on the influence of apartheid economic policies on ownership , poverty , wealth and quality .
2.2 identifies steps required to redress socio- economic imbalances and poverty.


This learning unit offers guidelines to the learners which will enable them to attempt projects and tasks on some of the following:

  • affirmative action
  • trade agreements with other countries in Africa and elsewhere
  • the manufacturing industry in South Africa
  • Import of agricultural products from other countries (meat and dairy products from Australia and South America, wheat and maize from North America, etc.)

Activity 1

  • All three possibilities are correct.

The learners can do a group task on the Great Depression of 1929 and what the consequences were for the people of this country. Personal contributions of older members of the family would be invaluable.

Activity 2

  • South Africa’s main agricultural products are listed in the table. When there is a surplus, export to other countries might take place, and shortages might necessitate the import of products.

The trade balance might also require imports or exports to or from certain countries. Sometimes products are imported at lower prices than what local farmers can produce. At the present moment dairy products are more expensive than the imported products.

Farmers who produce deciduous fruit, on the other hand, get higher prices for their products on the overseas market because of the favourable exchange rate at the present moment.

It can therefore be said that the products in the table are sometimes exported, and sometimes imported.

Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
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⅗ ⅔½
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Q2 x+(x+2)+(x+4)=60 3x+6=60 3x+6-6=60-6 3x=54 3x/3=54/3 x=18 :. The numbers are 18,20 and 22
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
how do I set up the problem?
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find the subring of gaussian integers?
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find the value of 2x=32
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divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
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use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
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x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
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Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
what is the coefficient of -4×
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A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
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Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11025/1.1
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