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Kuns en kultuur

Graad 5

Skepping, interpretasie en aanbieding

Module 13

Ontspannings-, asemhalings- en resonansie-oefeninge




[LU 1.5]

Voordat ons met ons dramaklasse gaan begin, moet jy eers ontspanne en opgewarm wees. Is jy gereed? Kom ons begin. Jou opvoeder sal jou deur die volgende oefeninge lei en verduidelik waarom jy dit doen.


Ons doel is om ‘n toestand van ontspanning te skep waarna jy jou drama-aktiwiteite gemakliker kan uitvoer, vryer wees met jou bewegings, inhibisies oorkom en meer gemaklik tussen jou klasmaats kan wees.

Ontspanningsoefening 1:

Staan met jou voete van mekaar af.

Strek na bo met jou vingerpunte, handpalms na voor en vingers uitgesprei.

Probeer die plafon raak.

Verbeel jou daar is ‘n draad aan elke vinger vas en aan die kroon van jou kop.

Jy word opgelig deur die draad totdat jy op jou tone staan.

Voel hoe jou liggaam langer word.

Hou hierdie posisie vir tien tellings.

Verbeel jou dat iemand die drade skielik sny.

Jou hande, gewrigte, arms, kop en skouers sal vinnig sak.

Laat jou arms los langs jou sye hang.

Laat jou kop sak.

Merk op hoe gemaklik jou spiere voel nadat die spanning verdwyn het.

Laat jou kop en arms vir ’n oomblik hang.

Kom stadig weer orent.

Ontspanningsoefening 2:

Strek met jou vingerpunte en die kroon van jou kop na bo.

Beur opwaarts so veel as wat jy kan.

Hou die opwaartse strek vir ‘n oomblik.

Ontspan jou hande, arms, kop, nek en bolyf.

Sak ineen.

Laat jou arms los voor jou bene hang.

Hang afwaarts in hierdie posisie vir ‘n paar oomblikke.

Rol jou bolyf na links.

Sak na regs.

Sak vorentoe.

Rol die bolyf in ‘n sirkel ‘n paar keer.

Draai anderkant toe.


As jy jou stem reg wil gebruik en die selfvertroue wil hê om dit goed te kan doen, is asemhalingsoefeninge die regte ding om te doen!


Staan gemaklik en regop.

Plaas die agterkante van jou hande op jou lae-ribbes.

Maak seker jou arms is uit en skouers is ontspanne.

Tel (nie hardop nie) 1 – 2 – 3 terwyl jy deur jou neus inasem en voel hoe jou ribbes uitdy.

Moenie te veel lug inasem nie.

Laat jou kakebeen oopval (tong plat, punt van jou tong agter jou onderste tande).

Asem uit deur jou mond terwyl jy weer 1 – 2 – 3 in jou kop tel.

Voel hoe die lug deur jou mond vloei.

Vermeerder die in- en uitaseming deur elke keer een telling by te voeg totdat jy tien bereik het.

Herhaal ses keer.


Resonansie is die klank wat deur jou liggaam gemaak word. Dit is jou stem. Stem is die algemene klank van die vibrerende stembande geresoneer in die holtes van jou kop, keel en borskas.

Met hierdie oefening moet jy streef om jou borskasholte te vergroot om sy funksie van resonansie vir die stem te verbeter.


Plaas die agterkante van jou hande op jou lae-ribbes.

Asem stadig in deur jou neus terwyl jy in jou kop 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 tel.

Laat jou kakebeen oopval.

Rond en druk jou lippe vorentoe soos wanneer jy ‘n oo -klank sal maak.

Onthou om jou kakebeen oop te hou.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Kuns en kultuur graad 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10976/1.2
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