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Arts and culture

Grade 4

Critical and creative reflection

Module 18

Music: percussion instruments

Woodwind instruments


To identify instruments [lo 2.4, 2.5]



  • Time
  • Tempo
  • Is the instrument high and/or low?
  • Which other instruments are present?
  • Describe what you hear.

To portray the rattle of the skeleton’s bones, the composer used the xylophone.

What does the xylophone look like?

The xylophone is a percussion instrument and is struck with hammers.

It consists of a series of oblong wooden blocks of different sizes.

Now paste in (or draw) a picture of a xylophone .

How is sound produced on the xylophone?

The wooden blocks are struck with hammers to produce sound.

Different hammers are used for different timbres, e.g. wood, rubber and felt.

The shorter and thicker the wooden blocks, the higher the sound; the longer and thinner the blocks, the lower the sound.

T HE P ITCH: The notes of the xylophone are relatively high.

8. 9. 10. 11.

The educator will now play three presentations of animals from this composition.

  • Choose the animal which is represented by the music and complete the rest of the table.
Animals Tempo Instrument/s
Cut 1 Hens and Cocks
Cut 2 Donkeys
Cut 3 Kangaroos
Cut 4 Fish

Describe the animals according to what you hear. What does each one do?


LEARNING OUTCOME 2: REFLECTING The learner will be able to reflect critically and creative on artistic and cultural processes, products and styles in past and present contexts.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

2.4 recognises time signatures such as four-four and three-four;

2.5 listens to and identifies musical instruments in terms of appearance, name, how sound is produced, timbre and general pitch classification (high-low).

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
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