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Arts and culture

Grade 7

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 16

Combining various drum techniques and percussion patterns


Activity 1:

To be able to combine various drum techniques and percussion patterns

[lo 1.6]

  • Sounds complicated? To understand this assignment it will be sub-divided:
  1. Drum techniques
  2. Rhythmic patterns (body percussion and drum)

3. Rhythmical phrases and sentences


In Grade 6 you came into contact with a few drum techniques for the jembe (pronounced djêm-bê) - we are going to revise these and add more. .


  • Experiment with the holding of the drum: sitting or standing; between the legs (preferably), below the arm, etc. The one side of the drum must be lifted at the bottom, so as not to muffle the sound. The most comfortable position is to be seated when playing the drum.
  • Different sounds can be obtained by hitting the skin of the drum in different ways. Experiment with different strokes and sounds.
  • Note that the wrist joints are used, and not the whole arm!
  • Write down the result of your experiments by answering the following questions:
  • Which parts of the hand can you use for hitting the skin of the drum?
  • Compare the sound obtained when the hand is rounded and when it is flat.
  • Where on the drum do you obtain the highest sound?
  • Where on the drum do you obtain the lowest sound?

e) Describe the sound if the hand bounces back immediately.

Which term is used for this?

  • Describe the sound when the hand remains on the skin. Which term is used for this?
  • The faster the hand hits the skin of the drum the louder/softer the sound will be.
  • Which hand will generate the sharpest and the loudest sound?
  • Do you think drummers limit themselves to the skin of the drum?

Three H and techniques

  • The three techniques we'll be discussing are applicable especially on the jembe, but can also be used on other hand drums (e.g. doumbek, conga).
  • In West Africa (where hand drums like the Jembe originated) the different regions use different terminology and pronunciations for the different strokes. The terms bass, tone and slap are used internationally and will also be used by us.
  • The educator will explain and demonstrate these three hand techniques to you. You probably discovered them for yourself when you experimented with sound and strokes.

Practise the three techniques and complete the following based on these techniques:


Description of stroke on the drum:



Description of stroke on the drum:



Description of stroke on the drum:


As we all differ physically you must decide for yourself when the stroke sounds and feels good. You must ask yourself why a specific stroke sounds better and what did you do to obtain a better sound.

  • Can you find other websites? Write down and share with the rest of the class.


Rhythmic patterns: body percussion

The educator is going to clap certain patterns, which you must imitate.

Note how the pattern changes when silences are added!

Below is a graphic presentation of some of the patterns:

1 2 3 4
1 X X X X 2 X 3 X X 4 X X 5 X X X 6 X X X 7 X X

Extended patterns:

BEATS in quadruple time (four)
1 en 2 en 3 en 4 en
1 X X X X 2 X X X X X X X X 3 X X X X X 4 X X X X X 5 X X X X X 6 7

Rhythmic patterns : drum

To perform these patterns on the drum requires skill.

  • Decide beforehand which techniques you intend using.
  • PRACTISE, PRACTISE, PRACTISE!Below are two examples:Key:


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.6 forms rhythmic sentences combining and mixing different drumming techniques and percussion patterns;
1.7 improvises and creates music phrases using concepts such as mood, form and contrast;
1.8 reads and sings or plays the scales and simple melodies in G-Major;
1.9 composes music, songs or jingles about human rights issues or to accompany a performance or presentation about human rights.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11027/1.1
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