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Arts and culture

Grade 7

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 16

Combining various drum techniques and percussion patterns

Music

Activity 1:

To be able to combine various drum techniques and percussion patterns

[lo 1.6]

  • Sounds complicated? To understand this assignment it will be sub-divided:
  1. Drum techniques
  2. Rhythmic patterns (body percussion and drum)

3. Rhythmical phrases and sentences

1. DRUM TECHNIQUES

In Grade 6 you came into contact with a few drum techniques for the jembe (pronounced djêm-bê) - we are going to revise these and add more. .

Preparation

  • Experiment with the holding of the drum: sitting or standing; between the legs (preferably), below the arm, etc. The one side of the drum must be lifted at the bottom, so as not to muffle the sound. The most comfortable position is to be seated when playing the drum.
  • Different sounds can be obtained by hitting the skin of the drum in different ways. Experiment with different strokes and sounds.
  • Note that the wrist joints are used, and not the whole arm!
  • Write down the result of your experiments by answering the following questions:
  • Which parts of the hand can you use for hitting the skin of the drum?
  • Compare the sound obtained when the hand is rounded and when it is flat.
  • Where on the drum do you obtain the highest sound?
  • Where on the drum do you obtain the lowest sound?

e) Describe the sound if the hand bounces back immediately.

Which term is used for this?

  • Describe the sound when the hand remains on the skin. Which term is used for this?
  • The faster the hand hits the skin of the drum the louder/softer the sound will be.
  • Which hand will generate the sharpest and the loudest sound?
  • Do you think drummers limit themselves to the skin of the drum?

Three H and techniques

  • The three techniques we'll be discussing are applicable especially on the jembe, but can also be used on other hand drums (e.g. doumbek, conga).
  • In West Africa (where hand drums like the Jembe originated) the different regions use different terminology and pronunciations for the different strokes. The terms bass, tone and slap are used internationally and will also be used by us.
  • The educator will explain and demonstrate these three hand techniques to you. You probably discovered them for yourself when you experimented with sound and strokes.

Practise the three techniques and complete the following based on these techniques:

BASS

Description of stroke on the drum:

Pitch:

TONE

Description of stroke on the drum:

Pitch:

SLAP

Description of stroke on the drum:

Pitch

As we all differ physically you must decide for yourself when the stroke sounds and feels good. You must ask yourself why a specific stroke sounds better and what did you do to obtain a better sound.

  • Can you find other websites? Write down and share with the rest of the class.

2. RHYTHMIC PATTERNS

Rhythmic patterns: body percussion

The educator is going to clap certain patterns, which you must imitate.

Note how the pattern changes when silences are added!

Below is a graphic presentation of some of the patterns:

COUNTS
1 2 3 4
1 X X X X 2 X 3 X X 4 X X 5 X X X 6 X X X 7 X X

Extended patterns:

BEATS in quadruple time (four)
1 en 2 en 3 en 4 en
1 X X X X 2 X X X X X X X X 3 X X X X X 4 X X X X X 5 X X X X X 6 7

Rhythmic patterns : drum

To perform these patterns on the drum requires skill.

  • Decide beforehand which techniques you intend using.
  • PRACTISE, PRACTISE, PRACTISE!Below are two examples:Key:

Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
MUSIC
1.6 forms rhythmic sentences combining and mixing different drumming techniques and percussion patterns;
1.7 improvises and creates music phrases using concepts such as mood, form and contrast;
1.8 reads and sings or plays the scales and simple melodies in G-Major;
1.9 composes music, songs or jingles about human rights issues or to accompany a performance or presentation about human rights.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11027/1.1
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