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Even the online availability of all of a journal’s articles via self-archiving would not result in the inevitable loss of subscriptions. Most subscribers, both individual and institutional, will continue to demand the value added by online journals—in terms of convenience and speed of access, discovery and retrieval functionality, reference linking, personalization features, reliability, authenticity, and the other benefits a journal publisher or aggregator provides. Partly in recognition of this, many publishers have implemented policies that explicitly allow self-archiving. The SHERPA RoMEO service provides a list of publisher copyright and self-archiving policies. See (External Link) .

Article copyright

Some publishers argue that author transfer of copyright is essential to ensure the financial sustainability of journals, while some author-rights advocates assert that authors must retain copyright to protect their rights in the content they create, including the right to self-archive. If copyright is transferred to a society journal, the society typically holds the copyright, even if the society outsources publication to a third party, such as a university press or a commercial publisher. In practice, author rights and publisher business requirements can be protected through well-constructed author agreements, regardless of which party holds the copyright. For an example of a publishing license, see the Nature Publishing Group’s license to publish at (External Link) .

A principal argument for publishers holding copyright has been that it allows a publisher to protect a journal’s subscription and revenue base. In practice, a license to publish from an author—which grants a publisher an exclusive right to first publication and a perpetual, non-exclusive right to publish, distribute, and sublicense—can afford such protection while allowing the author to retain copyright.

Some publishers also assert that holding copyright is necessary to effectively guard the author’s rights and manage permissions effectively. For many publishers who do not require the transfer of copyright, an author retaining copyright assumes responsibility for managing (or not managing) those rights. In practical terms, this can mean that a publisher may exclude the author’s article from online aggregations, pay-per-view offerings, and other permissions programs in which the publisher participates. In such cases, a society might elect to retain copyright, while allowing authors to retain liberal use and republishing rights. See Hill and Rossner (2008) for a brief account of how one small nonprofit academic publisher uses Creative Commons licenses to protect their publishing interests.

Insistence on copyright transfer appears to be decreasing, at least amongst small nonprofit publishers. According to one publisher survey, in 2003 over 80% of small publishers required authors to transfer copyright. By 2008, this figure had dropped to about 50%, with an additional 20% willing to accept a license to publish in the event an author was not willing to transfer copyright. Cox and Cox (2008), 75.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Transitioning a society journal online: a guide to financial and strategic issues. OpenStax CNX. Aug 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11222/1.1
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