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Draw new material every 83 milliseconds

The code in Listing 6 causes the sprites to be drawn sixty times per second, but new material is drawn only once every msPerFrame milliseconds. The value for msPerFrame is set to 83 milliseconds in Listing 1 , but as you learned in an earlier module, its value could be changed by program code as the program is running.

Therefore, in this program, new material is drawn 30 times per second. Every other frame that is drawn looks exactly like the one before it, but the humaneye is not fast enough to be able to detect that.

Apply dynamic scaling to the background image

A different and ever increasing scale factor is applied to the background image each time the body of the if statement in the Update method in Listing 6 is executed.

Two components in the scale factor

This overall scale factor is composed of the fixed backgroundBaseScale factor computed in Listing 5 and a dynamic scale factor named dynamicScale that is computed in Listing 7 .

An optical illusion

This is what causes the size of the planet to continue to increase during the animation sequence creating the illusion that the UFO is getting closer to thesurface of the planet.

The dynamic portion of the overall scale factor

The value of the dynamic portion of the overall scale factor increases by 0.03 each time this code is executed. Once the dynamic portion reaches a valueof 10, it is reset to zero and the animation sequence plays again from the beginning.

This is accomplished by the scaling algorithm shown in Listing 7 .

Listing 7 . Apply dynamic scaling to the background image.

//Reset the animation if the dynamicScale factor // is greater than 10.if(dynamicScale>10) { dynamicScale = 0.0f;} else { //Increase the dynamicScale factor and use it// to compute a new scale factor that will be // applied to the background image in the next// call to the Draw method. dynamicScale += 0.03f;backgroundScale = backgroundBaseScale * (1 + dynamicScale);}//end if-else on dynamicScale

Changing the origin of the background image

The SpriteBatch.Draw method has one parameter named position and another parameter named origin . You can cause the origin to be any point in the image relative to its upper left corner.

Important: The position parameter specifies the position in the game window where the image's origin will be drawn.

If you hold the position parameter constant and vary the origin , the image will appear to slide around within the game window.

Increasing the scale alone is insufficient

Consider the background image shown in Figure 3 . Assume that the origin of the image is the upper left corner of the image. Also assume that the image will be drawn with that origin in the upper left corner of the game window.

If we were to scale the image to make it larger, the planet would be pushed down and to the right and would exit the game window near the bottom rightcorner of the game window. That is not what we are looking for.

Need to stabilize the location of the planet in the game window

To achieve the effect we are looking for, we need to cause the planet to remain in pretty much the same location within the game window as it getslarger. One way to accomplish that is by causing the origin to move down and to the right within the background image as the planet becomes larger. (Obviouslythat is not the only way to accomplish it.)

Questions & Answers

Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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