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A type-generic array object

All classes in Java are subclasses of the class named Object . This program creates an array object with the declared type being type Object . An array of type Object can be used to store references to objects instantiated from any class.

After creating the array object, this program instantiates three objects of the class String and stores those object's references in the elements of the array. (As I pointed out in the comments, there is a simpler and better way to instantiate String objects, but it wouldn't illustrate my point as well as doing the way that I did.)

Sometimes you need to downcast

Although an array of type Object can be used to store references to objects of any type (including mixed types and references to other array objects) , you will sometimes need to downcast those references back to their true type once you extract them from the array andattempt to use them for some purpose.

Polymorphic behavior applies here

For this case, however, because the toString method is defined in the Object class and overridden in the String class, polymorphic behavior applies and it is not necessary to downcast the references to type String in order to be able to convert them to strings and display them.

Back to Question 11

Answer 10

C. 0 0 10 2 4

Explanation 10

Defer size specification for secondary arrays

It is not necessary to specify the sizes of the secondary arrays when you create a multi-dimensional array in Java. Rather, since the elements in theprimary array simply contain references to other array objects (or null by default) , you can defer the creation of those secondary array objects until later.

Independent array objects

When you do finally create the secondary arrays, they are essentially independent array objects (except for the requirement for type commonality among them) .

Ragged arrays

Each individual secondary array can be of any size, and this leads to the concept of a ragged array . (On a two-dimensional basis, a ragged array might be thought of as a two-dimensional array where each row can have a different numberof columns.)

This program creates, populates, and displays the contents of such a two-dimensional ragged array. Although this program creates a two-dimensionalarray that is triangular in shape, even that is not a requirement. The number of elements in each of the secondary arrays need have no relationship to the numberof elements in any of the other secondary arrays.

Back to Question 10

Answer 9

B. Runtime Error

Explanation 9

NullPointerException

The following code fragment shows that this program attempts to perform an illegal operation on the value accessed from the array object at index 1.

Integer[] A = new Integer[2]; A[0]= new Integer(1); System.out.println(A[1].intValue());

You can't call methods on null references

The reference value that was returned by accessing A[1] is the default value of null. This is the value that was deposited in the element when the array object was created (no other value was ever stored there) . When an attempt was made to call the intValue method on that reference value, the following runtime error occurred

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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