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int[] A[]; A = new int[2][3];

While it doesn't matter which location you use for the square brackets in the declaration, it does matter how many pairs of square brackets you place in thetwo locations combined. The number of dimensions on the array (if you want to think of a Java array as having dimensions) will equal the total number of pairs of empty square brackets in the declaration of the reference variable. Thus, in this case, the array is a two-dimensional arraybecause there is one pair of square brackets next to the type and another pair next to the variable name.

This program goes on to use nested for loops to populate the array and then to display the contents of the elements.

I personally don't use this syntax, and I hope that you don't either. However, even if you don't use it, you need to be able to recognize it when usedby others.

Back to Question 13

Answer 12

C. 1 2

Explanation 12

The length property

This program illustrates the use of the array property named length , whose value always matches the number of elements in the array.

As a Java programmer, you will frequently call methods that will return a reference to an array object of a specified type, but of an unknown length. (See, for example, the method named getEventSetDescriptors that is declared in the interface named BeanInfo .) This program simulates that situation.

Returning a reference to an array

The method named returnArray returns a reference to an array of type int having two elements. Although I fixed the size of the array in this example, I could just as easily have used a random number to set adifferent size for the array each time the method is called. Therefore, the doArrays method making the call to the method named returnArray has no way of knowing the size of the array referred to by the reference that it receivesas a return value.

All array objects have a length property

This could be a problem, but Java provides the solution to the problem in the length property belonging to all array objects.

The for loop in the method named doArrays uses the length property of the array to determine how many elements it needs to display. This is a very commonscenario in Java.

Back to Question 12

Answer 11

A. Compiler Error

Explanation 11

You cannot cast primitive array references

You cannot cast an array reference from one primitive type to another primitive type, even if the individual elements in the array are of a type thatcan normally be converted to the new type.

This program attempts to cast a reference to an array of type int[] and assign it to a reference variable of type double [].Normally, a value of type int will be automatically converted to type double whenever there is a need for such a conversion. However, this attempted cast produces the following compiler error under JDK1.3.

Ap074.java:19: inconvertible types found : int[]required: double[] double[]B = (double[])A;

Why is this cast not allowed?

I can't give you a firm reason why such a cast is not allowed, but I believe that I have a good idea why. I speculate that this is due to the fact that theactual primitive values are physically stored in the array object, and primitive values of different types require different amounts of storage. For example, the type int requires 32 bits of storage while the type double requires 64 bits of storage.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
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Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
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