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Section exercises

Verbal

What are the characteristics of the letters that are commonly used to represent vectors?

lowercase, bold letter, usually u , v , w

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How is a vector more specific than a line segment?

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What are i and j , and what do they represent?

They are unit vectors. They are used to represent the horizontal and vertical components of a vector. They each have a magnitude of 1.

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When a unit vector is expressed as a , b , which letter is the coefficient of the i and which the j ?

The first number always represents the coefficient of the i , and the second represents the j .

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Algebraic

Given a vector with initial point ( 5 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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Given a vector with initial point ( 4 , 2 ) and terminal point ( 3 , 3 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

7 , 5

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Given a vector with initial point ( 7 , 1 ) and terminal point ( 1 , 7 ) , find an equivalent vector whose initial point is ( 0 , 0 ) . Write the vector in component form a , b .

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For the following exercises, determine whether the two vectors u and v are equal, where u has an initial point P 1 and a terminal point P 2 and v has an initial point P 3 and a terminal point P 4 .

P 1 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 3 , 2 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 3 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 4 )

not equal

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P 1 = ( 2 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 5 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 6 , 1 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 3 )

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P 1 = ( 1 , 1 ) , P 2 = ( 4 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 10 , 6 ) , and P 4 = ( 13 , 12 )

equal

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P 1 = ( 3 , 7 ) , P 2 = ( 2 , 1 ) , P 3 = ( 1 , 2 ) , and P 4 = ( 1 , 4 )

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P 1 = ( 8 , 3 ) , P 2 = ( 6 , 5 ) , P 3 = ( 11 , 8 ) , and P 4 = ( 9 , 10 )

equal

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 3 , 1 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 5 , 2 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

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Given initial point P 1 = ( 6 , 0 ) and terminal point P 2 = ( 1 , 3 ) , write the vector v in terms of i and j .

7 i 3 j

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For the following exercises, use the vectors u = i + 5 j , v = −2 i − 3 j ,  and w = 4 i j .

Find 4 v + 2 u

6 i 2 j

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For the following exercises, use the given vectors to compute u + v , u v , and 2 u − 3 v .

u = 2 , 3 , v = 1 , 5

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u = 3 , 4 , v = 2 , 1

u + v = 5 , 5 , u v = 1 , 3 , 2 u 3 v = 0 , 5

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Let v = −4 i + 3 j . Find a vector that is half the length and points in the same direction as v .

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Let v = 5 i + 2 j . Find a vector that is twice the length and points in the opposite direction as v .

10 i 4 j

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For the following exercises, find a unit vector in the same direction as the given vector.

b = −2 i + 5 j

2 29 29 i + 5 29 29 j

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d = 1 3 i + 5 2 j

2 229 229 i + 15 229 229 j

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u = −14 i + 2 j

7 2 10 i + 2 10 j

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For the following exercises, find the magnitude and direction of the vector, 0 θ < 2 π .

6 , 5

| v | = 7.810 , θ = 39.806 °

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−4 , −6

| v | = 7.211 , θ = 236.310°

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Given u = 3 i − 4 j and v = −2 i + 3 j , calculate u v .

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Given u = − i j and v = i + 5 j , calculate u v .

6

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Given u = 2 , 4 and v = 3 , 1 , calculate u v .

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Given u = 1 , 6 and v = 6 , 1 , calculate u v .

12

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Graphical

For the following exercises, given v , draw v , 3 v and 1 2 v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u + v , u v , and 2 u .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch 2 u + v .

For the following exercises, use the vectors shown to sketch u − 3 v .

For the following exercises, write the vector shown in component form.

Questions & Answers

f(x)=x/x+2 given g(x)=1+2x/1-x show that gf(x)=1+2x/3
Ken Reply
proof
AUSTINE
sebd me some questions about anything ill solve for yall
Manifoldee Reply
how to solve x²=2x+8 factorization?
Kristof Reply
x=2x+8 x-2x=2x+8-2x x-2x=8 -x=8 -x/-1=8/-1 x=-8 prove: if x=-8 -8=2(-8)+8 -8=-16+8 -8=-8 (PROVEN)
Manifoldee
x=2x+8
Manifoldee
×=2x-8 minus both sides by 2x
Manifoldee
so, x-2x=2x+8-2x
Manifoldee
then cancel out 2x and -2x, cuz 2x-2x is obviously zero
Manifoldee
so it would be like this: x-2x=8
Manifoldee
then we all know that beside the variable is a number (1): (1)x-2x=8
Manifoldee
so we will going to minus that 1-2=-1
Manifoldee
so it would be -x=8
Manifoldee
so next step is to cancel out negative number beside x so we get positive x
Manifoldee
so by doing it you need to divide both side by -1 so it would be like this: (-1x/-1)=(8/-1)
Manifoldee
so -1/-1=1
Manifoldee
so x=-8
Manifoldee
SO THE ANSWER IS X=-8
Manifoldee
so we should prove it
Manifoldee
x=2x+8 x-2x=8 -x=8 x=-8 by mantu from India
mantu
lol i just saw its x²
Manifoldee
x²=2x-8 x²-2x=8 -x²=8 x²=-8 square root(x²)=square root(-8) x=sq. root(-8)
Manifoldee
I mean x²=2x+8 by factorization method
Kristof
I think x=-2 or x=4
Kristof
x= 2x+8 ×=8-2x - 2x + x = 8 - x = 8 both sides divided - 1 -×/-1 = 8/-1 × = - 8 //// from somalia
Mohamed
1KI POWER 1/3 PLEASE SOLUTIONS
Prashant Reply
hii
Amit
how are you
Dorbor
well
Biswajit
can u tell me concepts
Gaurav
Find the possible value of 8.5 using moivre's theorem
Reuben Reply
which of these functions is not uniformly cintinuous on (0, 1)? sinx
Pooja Reply
which of these functions is not uniformly continuous on 0,1
Basant Reply
solve this equation by completing the square 3x-4x-7=0
Jamiz Reply
X=7
Muustapha
=7
mantu
x=7
mantu
3x-4x-7=0 -x=7 x=-7
Kr
x=-7
mantu
9x-16x-49=0 -7x=49 -x=7 x=7
mantu
what's the formula
Modress
-x=7
Modress
new member
siame
what is trigonometry
Jean Reply
deals with circles, angles, and triangles. Usually in the form of Soh cah toa or sine, cosine, and tangent
Thomas
solve for me this equational y=2-x
Rubben Reply
what are you solving for
Alex
solve x
Rubben
you would move everything to the other side leaving x by itself. subtract 2 and divide -1.
Nikki
then I got x=-2
Rubben
it will b -y+2=x
Alex
goodness. I'm sorry. I will let Alex take the wheel.
Nikki
ouky thanks braa
Rubben
I think he drive me safe
Rubben
how to get 8 trigonometric function of tanA=0.5, given SinA=5/13? Can you help me?m
Pab Reply
More example of algebra and trigo
Stephen Reply
What is Indices
Yashim Reply
If one side only of a triangle is given is it possible to solve for the unkown two sides?
Felix Reply
cool
Rubben
kya
Khushnama
please I need help in maths
Dayo Reply
Okey tell me, what's your problem is?
Navin

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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