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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 9

Die ekonomiese siklus

Module 4

Buitelandse sektor in die ekonomiese siklus

Tot dusver het ons veronderstel dat alle ekonomiese aktiwiteite slegs binne die grense van ‘n land plaasvind. Met die hedendaagse tegnologiese ontwikkelinge op die gebied van kommunikasie en vervoer, sowel as die voordele wat uit die gebruik van grootskaalse produksie voortvloei, word produktemarkte nie net binnelands nie, maar ook internasionaal benut. Vergelyk in dié verband Suid-Afrika se handel in steenkool en ander minerale, sowel as landbouprodukte soos wyn, suiker, wol, ens. wat uitgevoer word, asook tegnologiese produkte en masjinerie wat uit die buiteland ingevoer word.

Die doel van internasionale handel soos hierbo aangedui, is hoofsaaklik om die behoeftes van die inwoners van die land beter en meer effektief te kan bevredig. Elke land is nou nie net op sy eie bronne/produksie aangewese nie, maar kan ook die produkte van ander lande aanwend. Ons in Suid-Afrika kan dus nou gesofistikeerde rekenaars invoer, terwyl daar weer ander lande is wat Suid-Afrika se ystererts en goud sal wil aankoop.

Hierdie internasionale handelsverkeer tussen lande bestaan uit twee komponente, naamlik:

  • Die vloei van goedere en dienste wat versend en ontvang word, (ook genoem internasionale handel); asook
  • Die wedersydse betaling vir hierdie goedere en dienste in die geldeenheid van elke land (ook genoem valuta-transaksies).Internasionale handel vind plaas omdat:
  • sekere lande ‘n oorvloed van sekere hulpbronne het, byvoorbeeld Suid-Afrika het baie goud en ander minerale, wat ons kan uitvoer, terwyl ons geen natuurlike oliebronne het nie;
  • klimaatstoestande verskil van land tot land. As gevolg van die wisselvallige reënval in Suid-Afrika is daar sekere landbouprodukte wat nie hier verbou kan word nie, en wat dus ingevoer moet word, byvoorbeeld koffie, ens.
  • die vlak van tegnologiese ontwikkeldheid verskil, byvoorbeeld die Japannese wat gekenmerk word deur hul kundigheid in rekenaartegnologie;
  • vervoer en kommunikasie drasties verbeter het. So byvoorbeeld word vars blomme uit Suid-Afrika op ’n daaglikse basis oral in Europa voorsien.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Buitelandse sektor

[lu 1.2]

SELF:

Teken jou eie weergawe van die ekonomiese siklus (wat die buitelandse sektor insluit) sodat die deelnemers en die vloei duidelik blyk. Voeg diagram op ‘n aparte vel in.

Aktiwiteit 2:

Redes vir buitelandse handel

[lu 1.2]

GROEP:

Verwys na die redes vir buitelandse handel hieronder en gee (in elke geval) voorbeelde wat op die Suid-Afrikaanse situasie betrekking het.

  1. Beskikbaarheid van hulpbronne:
  2. Klimaatstoestande verskil:
  3. Vlak van tegnologie:
  4. Vervoer en kommunikasie:

Die toevoeging van die buitelandse sektor as die vierde deelnemer in die ekonomiese siklus word ook gekoppel deur middel van twee strome, naamlik die goederestroom en die geldstroom , soos hierbo verduidelik. Die toevoeging van die buitelandse sektor veroorsaak dat die ekonomie nou nie meer “geslote” is nie, maar meer “oop” geraak het, deurdat invoere en uitvoere veroorsaak dat “meer” goedere en geld invloei en/of uitvloei vanuit die twee strome soos voorheen aangedui.

Aktiwiteit 3:

Buitelandse handel

[lu 1.2]

SELF / GROEP:

Maak ‘n lys van goedere wat Suid-Afrika uitvoer en invoer en dui so ver moontlik aan waarheen die uitvoere versend word en waarvandaan goedere ingevoer word.

Aktiwiteit 4:

Buitelandse valuta

[lu 1.2]

SELF/GROEP:

Dui aan wat die geldeenheid van die lande is:

  1. Japan
  2. Rusland
  3. VSA
  4. Brittanje
  5. Botswana
  6. Indië
  7. Duitsland
  8. Frankryk

Aktiwiteit 5:

Grafiek van buitelandse valuta

[lu 1.2]

GROEP:

Teken op elke Woensdag (vir ten minste agt weke) aan wat die wisselkoers tussen die Suid-Afrikaanse Rand en die volgende geldeenhede is: (Verdeel die klas in vier groepe vir die doel.)

(Groep 1)Rand/VSA Dollar (Groep 2)Rand/Euro (Groep 3)Rand/Pond (Groep 4)Rand/Pula
Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
Week 4
Week 5
Week 6
Week 7
Week 8

GROEP:

Elke groep moet aan die einde van die agt weke hul bevindinge op 'n grafiek aandui en daarna aan die klas verduidelik watter tendens oor die agt weke gegeld het.

Assessering

Leeruitkomstes(LUs)
LU 1
die ekonomiese siklusDie leerder is in staat wees om kennis en begrip van die ekonomiese siklus binne die konteks van ‘die ekonomiese’ probleem te toon.
Assesseringstandaarde(ASe)
Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder:
  • verskillende wyses van geld die vloei van produksiefaktore en goedere en dienste in die ekonomiese siklus binne die Suid-Afrikaanse ekonomie kan verduidelik;
  • die rol van die buitelandse sektor in die ekonomiese siklus kan bespreek;
  • met behulp van ‘n grafiek kan illustreer hoe vraag en aanbod pryse beïnvloed, en hierdie verband kan bespreek;
  • die invloed en aksies (stakings en wegblyaksies) van vakbonde oor die algemeen en in die apartheidsera op die volgende terreine krities kan evalueer:
  • die Suid-Afrikaanse ekonomie;
  • politieke, ekonomiese en sosiale transformasie;
  • arbeidsaangeleenthede;
  • die uitwerking van die nasionale begroting op die ekonomie (bv. belasting en besteding op onderwys, sosiale welsyn, gesondheid en veiligheid) kan bespreek.

Memorandum

AKTIWITEIT 1: Buitelandse sektor

SELF:

Diagram van ekonomiese siklus, insluitend die buitelandse sektor .

VERBRUIKERS
VERBRUIKERS
Mark virVERBRUIKERSGOEDERE STAAT Mark virPRODUKSIEFAKTORE
SAKEONDERNEMINGS

AKTIWITEIT 2: Redes vir buitelandse handel

GROEP:

Verskaf redes vir buitelandse handel

  1. Beskikbaarheid van hulpbronne
RSA het verskeidenheid minerale, maar geen natuurlike olie.
  1. Klimaatstoestande verskil
RSA verbou mielies, lemoene, ens., maar geen koffie, rubber.
  1. Vlak van tegnologie
RSA moet horlosies, rekenaars, ens. invoer.
  1. Vervoer en kommunikasie
RSA het goeie vervoer- en kommunikasiegeriewe.

AKTIWITEIT 3: Buitelandse handel

SELF / GROEP:

Lys van goedere wat in- en uitgevoer word .

UITVOERE INVOERE
Mielies (Afrikalande) Rekenaars (VSA)
Wyn (Europa) Horlosies (Switserland)
Ystererts (Japan) Motors (Japan)

AKTIWITEIT 4: Buitelandse valuta (Betaalmiddele)

SELF / GROEP:

Verskaf die geldeenheid van die volgende lande

JAPAN yen

RUSLAND roebels

VSA dollar

BRITTANJE pond sterling

BOTSWANA pula

INDIË rupee

AKTIWITEIT 5: Grafiek m.b.t. Buitelandse valuta

GROEP:

Versameling van gegewens m.b.t. wisselkoerse en teken van die grafiek t.o.v. die gegewens.

Questions & Answers

What is price elasticity of demand and its degrees. also explain factors determing price elasticity of demand?
Yutansh Reply
Price elasticity of demand (PED) is use to measure the degree of responsiveness of Quantity demanded for a given change on price of the good itself, certis paribus. The formula for PED = percentage change in quantity demanded/ percentage change in price of good A
GOH
its is necessarily negative due to the inverse relationship between price and Quantity demanded. since PED carries a negative sign most of the time, we will usually the absolute value of PED by dropping the negative sign.
GOH
PED > 1 means that the demand of the good is price elasticity and for a given increase in price there will be a more then proportionate decrease in quantity demanded.
GOH
PED < 1 means that the demand of the good is price inelasticity and for a given increase in price there will be a less then proportionate decrease in quantity demanded.
GOH
The factors that affects PES are: Avaliablilty of close substitutes, proportion of income spent on the good, Degree of necessity, Addiction and Time.
GOH
Calculate price elasticity of demand and comment on the shape of the demand curve of a good ,when its price rises by 20 percentage, quantity demanded falls from 150 units to 120 units.
Helen Reply
5 %fall in price of good x leads to a 10 % rise in its quantity demanded. A 20 % rise in price of good y leads to do a 10 % fall in its quantity demanded. calculate price elasticity of demand of good x and good y. Out of the two goods which one is more elastic.
Helen
what is labor
Grace Reply
labor is any physical or mental effort that helps in the production of goods and services
Kwabena
what is profit maximizing level of out put for above hypothetical firm TC = Q3 - 21Q2 + 600 + 1800 P = 600 MC = 3Q2 - 42Q + 600
Sosna Reply
consider two goods X and Y. When the price of Y changes from 10 to 20. The quantity demanded of X changes from 40 to 35. Calculate cross elasticity of demand for X.
Sosna
sorry it the mistake answer it is question
Sosna
consider two goods X and Y. When the price of Y changes from 10 to 20. The quantity demanded of X changes from 40 to 35. Calculate cross elasticity of demand for X.
Sosna
The formula for calculation income elasticity of demand is the percent change in quantity demanded divided by the percent change in income.
Sosna
what is labor productivity
Lizzy Reply
if the demand function is q=25-4p+p² 1.find elasticity of demand at the point p=5?
Puja Reply
what are some of the difference between monopoly and perfect competition market
Obeng Reply
n a perfectly competitive market, price equals marginal cost and firms earn an economic profit of zero. In a monopoly, the price is set above marginal cost and the firm earns a positive economic profit. Perfect competition produces an equilibrium in which the price and quantity of a good is economic
Naima
what are some characteristics of monopoly market
Obeng Reply
explicit cost is seen as a total experiences in the business or the salary (wages) that a firm pay to employee.
Idagu Reply
what is price elasticity
Fosua
...
krishna
it is the degree of responsiveness to a percentage change in the price of the commodity
Obeng
economics is known to be the field
John Reply
what is monopoly
Peter Reply
what is taxation
Peter
is the compulsory transfer of wealth from the private sector to the public sector
Jonna
why do monopoly make excess profit in both long run and short run
Adeola Reply
because monopoly have no competitor on the market and they are price makers,therefore,they can easily increase the princes and produce small quantity of goods but still consumers will still buy....
Kennedy
how to identify a perfect market graph
Adeola Reply
what is the investment
jimmy
investment is a money u used to the business
Mohamed
investment is the purchase of good that are not consumed today but are used in the future to create wealth.
Amina
investment is the good that are not consumed
Fosua
What is supply
Fosua
 Supply represents how much the market can offer.
Yusif
it is the quantity of commodity producers produces at the market
Obeng
what is the effect of scarce resources on producers
Phindu Reply
explain how government taxes and government producer subsidies affect supply
Chanda
what is economic
Charles Reply
what are the type of economic
Charles
macroeconomics,microeconomics,positive economics and negative economics
Gladys
what are the factors of production
Gladys
process of production
Mutia
Basically factors of production are four (4) namely: 1. Entrepreneur 2. Capital 3. Labour and; 4. Land but there has been a new argument to include an addition one to the the numbers to 5 which is "Technology"
Elisha
what is land as a factor of production
Gladys
what is Economic
Abu
economics is how individuals bussiness and governments make the best decisions to get what they want and how these choices interact in the market
Nandisha
Economics as a social science, which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means, which have alternative uses.
Yhaar
Economics is a science which study human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means
John
Economics is a social sciences which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce mean, which have alternative uses.....
Pintu
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
While the American heart association suggests that meditation might be used in conjunction with more traditional treatments as a way to manage hypertension
Beverly Reply
watter drie vakbonde is betrokke by die onderhandelings
ferdi Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11073/1.1
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