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Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe

Graad 7

Ekonomiese beleidsrigtings (1910 - 1994)

Module 11

Oorsig van suid-afrika se ekonomie (1910 – 1948)

Na afloop van die Tweede Vryheidsoorlog in 1902 was daar vier onafhanklike Suid-Afrikaanse provinsies: Kaapkolonie, die twee gewese Boererepublieke Transvaal en die Oranje-Vrystaat en Natal. Elkeen het sy eie parlement gehad. Hulle het in 1910 verenig as die Unie van Suid-Afrika.

a) Die bewind van die twee generaals - Botha en Smuts 1910 tot 1924

Toe die Unie van Suid-Afrika in 1910 tot stand gekom het, het die drie belangrike partye saamgesmelt en die Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale Party gestig. Genl. Louis Botha was die eerste minister. Die opposisiepartye het die Unioniste Party gevorm. Beide partye het dit ten doel gehad om die blanke Afrikaans- en Engelssprekendes te verenig en in een Suid-Afrikaanse nasie te laat saamsmelt.

Botha se strewe was om die Engels- en Afrikaanssprekendes te verenig. Hy het dit sy lewenstaak gemaak om die kloof tussen die twee groepe te oorbrug.

Hertzog was ‘n kampvegter vir die Afrikaner se belange.

Die voortdurende wrywing tussen Botha en Hertzog het daartoe gelei dat Hertzog sy eie party, die Nasionale Party gestig het.

b) Wie het die stemreg besit?

Enige manlike burger wat ‘n Britse onderdaan was, was stemgeregtig indien hy:

  • Sy naam, adres en beroep kon skryf.
  • Jaarliks £50 in lone verdien het, of ‘n eiendom met ‘n waarde van £75 of meer bewoon het.

Hierdie kwalifikasies het die meeste swart mans uitgeskakel al het hulle stamgrond bewoon.

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van elke bevolkingsgroep van die land se bevolking uitgemaak het

[lu 2,1]

In 1910 was die bevolkingsamestelling in die Unie van Suid-Afrika soos volg:

  • Blankes – 1 278 000
  • Kleurlinge – 517 000
  • Swartmense – 3 956 000
  • Asiërs – 148 000

Watter persentasie was elke bevolkingsgroep van die totale bevolking? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

Aktiwiteit 2:

Om vas te stel watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep stemgeregtig was

[lu 2.1]

Watter persentasie van die mans van elke bevolkingsgroep was stemgeregtig? Vul die persentasie langs elke bevolkingsgroep in.

  • Blanke mans – 497 700
  • Kleurling mans – 46 200
  • Swart mans – 76 000

c) Wet op Naturellegrond (Wet op Grondbesit) 1913

Die belangrikste wet wat in hierdie tyd gemaak is, was die Naturellen Grond Wet wat in Junie 1913 op die wetboek geplaas is. Hierdie wet het aan swart mense hul eie grondgebied toegeken (reservate) en ‘n verbod op die verkoop van blanke grondgebied aan swartes en swart grondgebied aan blankes, geplaas.

Hierdie wet was die gevolg van mense se vrese en bekommernisse oor swart mense wat blanke gebiede binnegedring het. Die groot meerderheid van hierdie swartes was plakkers wat hulle op privaat- en staatsgrond gevestig het.

Dit was die eerste wet in die Unie van Suid-Afrika wat gebiedskeiding tot gevolg gehad het.

d) Die totstandkoming van die ANC

Die South African Native National Congress , die latere African National Congress (ANC), het daarop aangedring dat die wet herroep word. In Februarie 1914 het hulle ‘n afvaardiging na Londen gestuur om by die Britse regering aan te dring dat die wet ongeldig verklaar word, maar sonder sukses want die Britse regering was nie bereid om in Suid-Afrikaanse aangeleenthede betrokke te raak nie.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11024/1.1
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