<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 6

Handel en ontwikkeling

Module 13

Miv/vigs as ontwikkelingsvraagstuk

MIV/Vigs is ‘n skrikwekkende realiteit, soos deur die volgende koerantberig uit Die Burger van 1 Desember 2004 weergegee word.

Vigs neem steeds toe in SA

Syfers “vermom” die werklike omvang van MIV/vigs in die land

Antoinette Pienaar

PRETORIA. – Die mees verwoestende fase van Suider-Afrika se vigspandemie is dalk reeds met ons, maar word deur statistieke “vermom”.

In die Verenigde Nasies se jongste vigsverslag word gemaan dat die oënskynlike stabilisering van die voorkoms van MIV/Vigs in sommige lande in dié streek nie noodwendig beteken die pandemie het spoed verloor nie.

Dit sluit Suid-Afrika in waar die departement van gesondheid vroeër vanjaar die effens kleiner styging van MIV/vigs onder swanger vroue (van 25% in 2001 tot 26,5% in 2002 en 27,9% in 2003) bestempel het as die eerste tekens van stabilisering.

Luidens die verslag kan stabilisering die ergste fase van die pandemie versteek wanneer vigs net soveel lewens eis as die getal mense wat die virus opdoen.

Suid-Afrika het steeds die grootste getal mense met MIV/vigs ter wêreld – tussen 4,5 miljoen en 6,2 miljoen en klim waarskynlik steeds. In een van die landelike dele van KwaZulu-Natal het vigsverwante sterftes in die jare negentig só gestyg dat dit teen 2000 48% van alle sterftes onder volwassenes teenwoordig het.

“Die sterftes in dié streek gaan beslis toeneem in die volgende paar jaar omdat die voorkoms van MIV/vigs daar in die laat jare negentig skerp gestyg het. Vigs-sterftes weerspieël die getal nuwe gevalle van MIV/vigs van tien jaar tevore”. Luidens die verslag is daar wêreldwyd tussen 35,9 miljoen en 44,3 miljoen mense met MIV/vigs.

Sowat 4,9 miljoen mense sal na verwagting vanjaar MIV-positief word en 3,1 miljoen aan vigsverwante siektes sterf. Suider-Afrika word verreweg die swaarste getref, met sowat 25,4 miljoen MIV-positiewe mense vanjaar vergeleke met 24,4 miljoen in 2002. Byna twee derdes van alle mense met MIV/vigs woon in hierdie streek. Hoewel die wêreld vanjaar meer as $6,1 miljard (sowat R36,5 miljard) aan die pandemie bestee het tenoor $2,1 miljard in 2001, het minder as 1% van alle mense tussen 15 en 49 jaar toegang tot MIV-toetsing en berading in die 73 lande wat die swaarste getref word.

Tussen 5 miljoen en 6 miljoen mense het dadelik behandeling met antri-retrovirale medisyne nodig. Minder as 10% wat dit moet kry, het toegang daartoe.

Die Burger, 1 Desember 2004

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om afleidings uit bronne te maak

[lu 1.1, 1.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3]

  • Gebruik die koerantberig op bladsy 25 as bron (jy kan ook ander bronne raadpleeg) en voltooi die volgende tabel.
UITWERKING VAN MIV/VIGS
Suid-Afrika se posisie op die Vigs-ranglys
Getal mense met vigs in Suid-Afrika
SA provinsie met hoogste vigs-syfers
Persentasie groei in vigs-gevalle in SA van 2002 tot 2004
Persentasie groei in wêreld fondse vir vigs vanaf 2002 tot 2004
Persentasie vigs-gevalle wat nie toegang het tot die nodige antiretrovirale medisyne nie

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10999/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Aardrykskunde graad 6' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask