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Afrikaans huistaal

Graad 8

Module 3

Taal

AKTIWITEIT 1

Taal

Eerstens weer so ’n paar LEESTEKENS.

3.1 Skryf die paragraaf wat begin met: “Die groot rede waarom . . .” oor soos jy Len se woorde (en stemtoon/houding ens.) aan iemand anders sal oordra.

3.2 Skryf die sin wat begin met: “Volgens mnr. Len Bradford . . .” woord vir woord oor en voeg die korrekte leestekens in.

Afleidings

  • In die woordeskat van Afrikaans kom baie woorde voor wat van dieselfde woord afgelei is, maar ’n heel ander betekenis het. Julle is bv. leerders , ’n woord wat van LEER afgelei is. Maar ook leraar en verleer kom van dieselfde woord, wat ons die STAM noem, af. Meer nog: ’n leerder is iemand wat leer, en daarom sê ons dis ’n persoonsvorm.

3.3 Lees nou weer deur die leesstuk en skryf verskillende persoonsvorme sowel as die STAM van elkeen neer.

3.4 Water ander woorde kan jy maak met die STAM Me wat jy by 3.3 uitgehaal het?

Sinonieme en Antonieme

  • In die woordeskat van enige taal (en in ons geval Afrikaans) kan ons sekere woorde met mekaar vervang of byna vervang sonder dat ons werklik aan die betekenis verander. Woorde waarmee ons ander kan vervang, noem ons sinonieme.
  • Maar dis nie altyd so eenvoudig nie: woorde het betekenis, en ons heg sekere betekeniswaarde aan woorde, sodat ons baiekeer sê ’n woord is beledigend ens. bedoel. Jy gaan bv. nie baie daarvan hou as jou ma vir gaste sê: “Dis my oudste seun ; hy is ’n oulike vent” nie, want vent het in die meeste gevalle ’n negatiewe betekenis.
  • GAAN SOEK NOU IN DIE LEESSTUK SINONIEME VIR DIE VOLGENDE WOORDE (DIE LYS IS NIE IN VOLGORDE SOOS DIT IN DIE LEESSTUK VOORKOM NIE):

3.5 sukkel

3.6 groei

3.7 snelheid

3.8 nuwigheid

3.9 kerjakker

3.10 populariteit

3.11 moderne

  • KOM ONS KEER NOU DIE OEFENING OM! DIE VOLGENDE KLOMPIE WOORDE STAAN IN DIE LEESSTUK. JY MOET NOU (JOU EIE) SINONIEME DAARVOOR GAAN SOEK.

3.12 beslis (par. 1)

3.13 make (par. 7)

3.14 eenvoudig (par. 9)

3.15 handige (par. 10)

3.16 seker (par. 13)

  • Net so kry ons in alle tale woorde met ’n teenoorgestelde betekenis, wat ons ANTONIEME noem (anti- beteken mos TEEN). Antonieme werk op verskillende maniere: so bv. is MAN die enigste antoniem vir VROU, ROOI kan nie werklik ’n antoniem hê nie, maar wanneer ’n ding ROOI is, kan dit nie WIT of SWART of GEEL of enige ander kleur wees nie. As ek nie KWAAD is nie, kan ek VRIENDELIK wees, of TEVREDE of RUSTIG, of AFGEKOEL, wat almal ’n ander toestand uitdruk.
  • Maar kom ons werk vir eers net met een soort ANTONIEM.
  • GAAN WEER NA DIE LEESSTUK TOE EN GEE ANTONIEME VIR DIE VOLGENDE WOORDE (JY MOET NOU KYK IN WATTER BETEKENIS OF KONTEKS DIE BEPAALDE WOORD GEBRUIK WORD SODAT JY ‘N GOEIE ANTONIEM GEE):

3.17 nuwerwetse (par.1)

3.18 toeneem (par. 3)

3.19 veiliger (par. 4)

3.20 waaghalse (par. 5)

3.21 handige (par. 10)

3.22 gewoonlik (par. 11)

  • ’n Laaste opmerking oor woorde: Dit gebeur dikwels dat mense nie die presiese betekenis van ’n woord ken nie of dit met ’n ander woord verwar, met die gevolg dat hulle dan daardie woord verkeerd gebruik omdat hulle dink dit beteken iets anders as wat dit werklik beteken. Dink maar aan ’n woord soos OPGESKEEP sit (met iets wat jy nie wil hê nie), en OPGESAAL (word met iets – met ander woorde nog werk bykry). Mense gebruik dikwels die uitdrukking: Ek sit opgesaal met hierdie nuttelose geskenk.
  • Net so gebeur dit dat mense twee woorde ken wat byna dieselfde beteken, en dan daardie woorde saamvoeg asof dit korrek is so.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11037/1.1
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