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Afrikaans huistaal

Graad 9

Module 1

Begripsvrae

AKTIWITEIT 1:

Begripsvrae

  • Akkurate lees is belangrik. Kom ons kyk hoe vaar jy.
  • Lees die onderstaande artikel en doen dan die opdragte.

Swaar skooltasse oor een skouer ‘kan rug verkrom’

FRIEDA LE ROUX

KAAPSTAD. – Elke dag loop duisende kinders skool toe en terug met ‘n swaar rugsak argeloos oor een skouer gegooi. Dít terwyl sowat 60% van alle klagtes wat deur Suid-Afrikaanse fisioterapeute behandel word, rugverwant is. “Rugprobleme later in ‘n mens se lewe kan dikwels na die ontwikkelingsfase teruggespoor word,” het mev. Cornelia van Eck, woordvoerder van die Wes-Kaapse tak van die Suid-Afrikaanse Fisioterapie-vereniging, gesê. Dit volg op onlangse internasionale navorsing wat toon dat een uit elke tien kinders ‘n ruggraatverkromming het. Baie mense dink die probleem hou verband met die swaar skooltasse wat kinders daagliks dra. Dr. Leon van Wyk, ‘n ortopeed wat spesialiseer in rugprobleme, het gesê die werwelkolom is soos ‘n tentpaal, dit kan nie alleen staan nie en het “toue” nodig om dit regop te hou.

Die “toue” is die romp- en rugspiere, wat moet sorg dat die werwelkolom se natuurlike kurwes in balans gehou word. “Fisieke oefening is baie belangrik omdat dit die spiere help ontwikkel en die werwelkolom stabiliseer.” Van Wyk het gesê ‘n swaar skooltas sal nie die ontwikkeling van ‘n normale rug beïnvloed nie, solank ‘n mens jou rug goed oppas. “By kinders wat wel ‘n probleem het, kan ‘n swaar skooltas dit vererger.” Volgens Van Wyk is ‘n rugtas beter as een wat in die hand gedra word, mits die gewig tussen albei skouers verdeel word. “Die tas moet ook nie op ‘n kind se boude rus nie, maar in die middel van die rug geplaas wees.” Van Wyk het gesê ‘n tas wat sowat 10% van ‘n kind se liggaamsgewig weeg, is in orde

Aangepas uit: Die Burger, 10 Sept. 2002

1. Wat is die mees algemene probleem van pasiënte wat hulp by fisioterapeute soek?

2. Wat beteken dit dat mev. Cornelia van Eck die woordvoerder van die Fisioterapie-vereniging is?

3. Waarom moet ‘n mens oefening doen?

4. Is die volgende stellings WAAR of ONWAAR? Bewys jou antwoord telkens met ‘n aanhaling.

4.1 Volgens Van Wyk, ‘n ortopeed, beïnvloed ‘n swaar skooltas alle kinders se rûe.

4.2 ‘n Rugtas is altyd beter as ‘n tas wat in die hand gedra word.

  • Jou volgende antwoorde hoef nie volsinne te wees nie.

5. Wat beteken die volgende woorde/ uitdrukkings?

5.1 Fisioterapeut

5.2 Ortopeed

5.3 Argeloos (par.1)

LU 3.3

AKTIWITEIT 2:

Opsomming

Jy moet die vermoë aanleer om ‘n opsomming te kan maak. Hier volg jou eerste probeerslag.

  • Maak puntsgewys ‘n lys van 5 wenke om jou rug gesond te hou. Dit hoef nie volsinne te wees nie, maar jy mag nie altesaam 40 woorde oorskry nie. Onthou, jy moet die aantal woorde aandui.

Wenke vir ‘n gesonde rug:

1.

LU 3.4
  • Stelwerk is ‘n belangrike komponent van jou portefeulje vir Graad 9.

AKTIWITEIT 3:

Stelwerk (funksioneel)

  • Skryf nou ‘n artikel op ‘n los folio vir jou skoolkoerant waarin jy jou mede-leerders teen die “gevare” van ‘n skooltas waarsku. Plaas dit in jou portefeulje.
  • Let op die volgende:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Afrikaans huistaal graad 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11058/1.1
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