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Research-based best practices

  • Teach reading for authentic, meaning-making literacy experiences: for pleasure, to be informed, and to perform a task.
  • Use high-quality literature.
  • Integrate a comprehensive word study/phonics program into reading/writing instruction.
  • Use multiple texts that link and expand concepts.
  • Balance teacher-and student-led discussions.
  • Build a whole-class community that emphasizes important concepts and builds background knowledge.
  • Work with students in small groups while other students read and write about what they have read.
  • Give students plenty of time to read in class.
  • Give students direct instruction in decoding and comprehension strategies that promote independent reading. Balance directinstruction, guided instruction, and independent learning.
  • Use a variety of assessment techniques to inform instruction.

(Adapted from Best Practices in Literacy Instruction , edited by Lesley Morrow, Linda Gambrell and Micael Pressley.)

Adult literacy programs

The greatest literacy programs engage local leaders in "each-one-teach-one" settings and a wide network of "literacy circles"or "literacy committees." These "literacy circles and committees" adopt program structures that rely on a particular technique towards literacyand depend on rotating leadership, mandatory attendance, and assessment.

These structures rely on the mobilization of individuals, groups, agencies, religious bodies, and non-governmentalorganizations (NGOs) to participate actively in mass literacy as volunteer teachers, learners, sponsors, or organizers.

It is wise to train graduate students, who are teacher interns, to be literacy educators. The benefits are several, but the most importantreason is that you enlist a cadre of young teachers who value the community as a vital resource and who have spent a considerable amount of time amongst thepeople. They learn about families, social and economic pressures, and theimpediments to and incentives for education.

Each-One-Teach-One Program Elements

There are four general principles governing adult literacy:

  • Picture-word synthesis utilizes the teaching concept that starts with what adults know and adds an association with the unknown - the"code" they can break by progressing from pictures to words.
  • "Syllabic analysis of words" breaks down the word into syllables in order to increase the ability for adults.
  • The use of primers with pictures and graded material in order of difficulty. Such primers MUST have identified the local, practicalproblems that adults face, for which literacy (and numeracy) is the solution. Content would include issues of personal health andhappiness, economic and social issues, government regulations, how to start or grow a business, how to negotiate a loan or to compare prices,how to get a job, how to have a happy family, etc.
  • The integration of reading and writing exercises into the above. Such exercises must be accompanied by charts, posters, (and otheraudio-visual aids), newspapers, and follow-up reading. Important, too, is the use of mobile libraries so that reading is a constantdiscovery and an opportunity for adults to become life-long learners.

Questions & Answers

Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 5: educating for civil societies. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10335/1.10
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