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You can use any two media objects in this way to create alternative media for the online and PDF versions of your content. When two media subtype objects are included inside a media element, use the for attribute to specify when that object should be displayed.

Media subtypes

Within each <media> element, at least one media subtype is required. The following sections describe how to create the various possible subtype elements.


Some of the image file types and their corresponding MIME types used in Connexions modules are:

  • mime-type="application/postscript"
  • mime-type="image/png"
  • mime-type="image/jpeg"
  • mime-type="image/gif"
This list is not all inclusive. Any image with a valid MIME type can be used in a module.

Embedding images

To embed images in your module, insert CNXML entries similar to the following example into the "index.cnxml" file for your module: <figure id="figure-01"><title>Example Figure</title><media id="figureexample" alt="an envelope with a blue page"><image mime-type="image/png" src="Xenveope-blue-on-blue.png"/></media><caption>A graphic image displayed as a figure.</caption></figure>

The src attribute in the image tag gives the location or source of the image that you want to appear in the module. Afterloading the image file into the 'Files' tab on your module, simply provide the full file name (e.g. " envelope-taller.png ") to specify which image should be used.

The actual display for the previous CNXML example is:

Example figure

an envelope with a blue page
A graphic image displayed as a figure.

Adjusting the size of the image

You can use optional size attributes to control the size of the image displayed in both online and print versions of the content. There are a few things to keep in mind when specifying image sizes in CNXML:

  • Images that are displayed larger than their original size will look fuzzy or grainy.
  • Resizing an image online relies on the web browser to determine how to redraw the image. This can sometimes lead to unpredictable and undesirable results that vary from browser to browser.Whenever possible, resize the image to the desired dimensions before loading the file into Connexions to avoid this problem.
  • It is not necessary to specify both the height and width of an image. If you supply only one of these, the other value will be calculated to preserve the same height-width ratio as theoriginal image. You only need to supply both when you wish to change the shape of the image.
  • You can choose to resize an image for online viewing, printing, or both by supplying the corresponding attributes as described below. Sizes specified for one version have no effecton the other. If you do not supply sizing information, the image will be displayed in its original size by default.

Adjusting the size of an online image

You can adjust the size of the image in the on-line version of your document by using the height and width attributes.

The following code will display the image in its original, default size:

<figure id="element-439"><media id="tajmahal" alt="The Taj Mahal"><image src="TajMahal_medium.jpg" mime-type="image/jpeg"/></media><caption>The photograph of the Taj Mahal in this figure and the following figureswas taken by<link url="http://www.flickr.com/photos/babasteve/">Steve Evans</link>. It is licensed for public use under the Creative Commons Attribution License.</caption></figure>

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ideas and tools for improving connexions modules and collections. OpenStax CNX. Mar 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11184/1.2
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