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Local development should aim towards a land reform plan that will attempt to transfer ineffective, debt-ridden, ecology-threatening farm ownership to those who want to earn an income from farming in a more sustainable manner. Improved access to affordable services and infrastructure is a prerequisite, especially in the former “homelands”.

Activity 2: land reform

Discuss land reform and make suggestions about what can/should be done to effect land reform in South Africa in a manner that will allow “better” distribution of available land without running the risk of doing damage to production or economic development. (Refer to the present situation in Zimbabwe.)

  • Provide a report of two pages, at most, for presentation to the class, and summarise the report.

It is accepted that sustainable reconstruction and development in South Africa presupposes sustainable reconstruction and development in Southern Africa as continued joblessness and under-employment in one region can result in migration to other regions, with detrimental results for those economies. That is why continuous negotiation with neighbouring states remains important for finding a common basis for co-operation, co-ordination and integration. In spite of the fact that present trade patterns between South Africa and the rest of Africa are relatively unbalanced (South African exports to the rest of Africa exceeds those of the rest of Africa to South Africa by five to one), fresh negotiations in this area should focus on achieving a better balance. There should be an attempt to improve possibilities for manufacturing in neighbouring states, so that the possibility of exportation can improve accordingly. The development of regional and industrial strategies for specific sub-sectors, e.g. mineral enrichment, motorcar parts and textiles can be mentioned as examples. The development of combined and mutually advantageous projects with regard, for instance, to water sources, electricity and power supply, transport and communication, and agriculture and food production for the region should also be encouraged.

Activity3: regional co-operation

Do research on the ways in which regional co-operation occurs with regard to the use of water sources in Southern Africa. Refer to existing projects and provide a brief description of each.

Activity4: states in southern africa

Provide (or draw) a map of Southern Africa to show the states that border on South Africa. Also show the products that South Africa exports to its neighbours and the products that are imported from them.

Assessering

Learning outcomes (Los)
LO 2
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT The learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of sustainable growth, reconstruction and development, and to reflect on related processes.
Assessment standards (ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 discusses how the national budget, regional and international agreements can be used to facilitate sustainable growth and development;
2.2 investigates and debates the successes and shortcomings of the RDP;
2.3 explains the role of savings and investments in economic prosperity and growth;
2.4 discusses productivity and growth and its effects on economic prosperity, growth and global competition.

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1: HOMELANDS POLICY

Identify the former independent and self-governing states that existed under the previous dispensation.

Independent states:VENDA, BOPHUTHATSWANA, TRANSKEI EN CISKEI

Self-governing states:QwaQwa, KwaNDEBELE, KWAZULU, LEBOWA, GAZANKULU, KaNGWANE

ACTIVITY 2: LAND REFORM

The groups are to state their points of view with regard to land reform in South Africa, and should be encouraged to discuss the issue in regard to the present situation in Zimbabwe.

ACTIVITY 3: REGIONAL CO-OPERATION

The learners are required to do research on the Lesotho Highland Project and on the Cabora Bassa project and should be encouraged to point out the value of the projects as examples of regional co-operation.

ACTIVITY 4: STATES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA

Each learner has to design and present a map of South Africa on which imports and exports are indicated (the main products only).

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11074/1.1
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