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Mathematics

Common and decimal fractions

Common fractions

Educator section

Memorandum

INTRODUCTION

The learning programme for grade six consists of five modules:

1. Number concept, Addition and Subtraction

2. Multiplication and Division

3. Fractions and Decimal fractions

4. Measurement and Time

5. Geometry; Data handling and Probability

  • It is important that educators complete the modules in the above sequence, as the learners will require the knowledge and skills acquired through a previous module to be able to do the work in any subsequent module.

COMMON AND DECIMAL FRACTIONS (LO 1; 2 AND 5)

LEARNING UNIT 1 FOCUSES ON COMMON FRACTIONS

  • This module continues the work dealt with in grade 5. Addition and subtraction of fractions are extended and calculation of a fraction of a particular amount is revised.
  • Check whether the learners know the correct terminology and are able to use the correct strategies for doing the above correctly.
  • Critical outcome 5 (Communicating effectively by using visual, symbolic and /or language skills in a variety of ways) is addressed.
  • It should be possible to work through the module in 3 weeks.
  • ** Activity 17 is designed as a portfolio task. It is a very simple task, but learners should do it neatly and accurately. They must be informed in advance of how the educator will be assessing the work.
  • LEARNING UNIT 2 FOCUSES ON DECIMAL FRACTIONS
  • This module extends the work that was done in grade 5. Learners should be able to do rounding of decimal fractions to the nearest tenth, hundredth and thousandth. Emphasise the use of the correct method (vertical) for addition and subtraction. Also spend sufficient time on the multiplication and division of decimal fractions.
  • As learners usually have difficulty with the latter, you could allow 3 to 4 weeks for this section of the work.
  • ** Activity 19 is a task for the portfolio. The assignment is fairly simple, but learners should complete it neatly and accurately. They must be informed in advance of how the educator will be assessing the work.

1. To use a range of strategies to control solution

2. Own answer

3. 1.1 and 1.3 ; 1.2 and 1.4

Leaner section

Content

Activity: to use a range of strategies to check solutions [lo 1.11]

To determine the equivalence and validity of different methods [lo 2.6.1, lo 2.6.3]

1. During the previous activity you might have realised that there were more than one method for calculating an answer. Now work through the different solutions for the following problem with a partner:

1.1 The first step is to determine what 1 5 size 12{ { {1} over {5} } } {} of R200 is. I therefore divide 200 by 5:

5 200

1 5 size 12{ { {1} over {5} } } {} is equal to R40. 4 5 size 12{ { {4} over {5} } } {} will be R40 x 4.

He saves R160.

1.2 I first determine what 1 5 size 12{ { {1} over {5} } } {} of R200 is. Therefore: 200 ÷ 5 = 40

1 4 size 12{ { {1} over {4} } } {} = 1 – 1 5 size 12{ { {1} over {5} } } {} I therefore subtract R40 from R200 and my answer is R160

1.3 To determine how much he saves, I have to do the following:

  1. ÷ 5) x 4

= 40 x 4

= R160

1.4 I calculate this as follows:

200 – (200 ÷ 5)

= 200 – 40

= R160

2. Which one of the above methods do you find easiest to do?

3. Which of the methods actually are exactly similar?

Assessment

Learning Outcome 1: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent numbers and their relationships, and to count, estimate, calculate and check with competence and confidence in solving problems.

Assessment Standard 1.11: We know this when the learner uses a range of strategies to check solutions and judge the reasonableness of solutions.

Learning Outcome 2: The learner will be able to recognise, describe and represent patterns and relationships, as well as to solve problems using algebraic language and skills.

Assessment Standard 2.6: We know this when the learner determines, through discussion and comparison, the equivalence of different descriptions of the same relationship or rule presented:

2.6.1 verbally;

2.6.3 by number sentences.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
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what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
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Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11030/1.1
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