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Natural sciences

Grade 8


Module 26

Survival: habitat

Why are some plants and animals only found in specific areas?

Activity: to evaluate information

Work with a partner. Discuss the above question and then compile two tables of three columns each and fill in any example of which you may know. Use examples of wild animals and plants in their natural environment. Do not name pets, farm animals or garden plants.


Plant name

Where does it grow?

Why does it grow there?


Animal name

Where does it occur?

Why does it occur there?


Could you obtain significant answers from the discussion?

[LO 1.3]

Poster: group work 4 - 5 learners

Plan a poster to show the habitats of animals from your list. Select two divergent habitats and try to handle the design in an original manner. Include at least three animals in each habitat.

  • Use drawings or pictures. Collect these and bring them to the lesson to complete the assignment.


  • Approach the assignment as a research exercise and make use of the following steps:
  • Plan the investigation
  • Collect the data
  • Formulate and communicate your findings
  • Formulate an elucidatory heading
  • Use colour in your presentation
  • Use a large text
  • Include the names of the members of the group
  • Delegate tasks
  • Choose a group member to provide feedback

Assessment of POSTER:

Did you participate constructively in this group activity by helping to plan the investigation (1.1), collect data (1.2) and communicate findings (1.3)?

[ LO 1.1; LO 1.2; LO 1.3]

Surviving in a Habitat

Organisms live in a natural environment where they are able to find food, water and shelter to protect them against enemies.

Animals also need to find partners for pairing.

Some organisms are adapted to withstand all the onslaughts of the environment.

These ADAPTATIONS comprise a strategy for survival.

Every organism’s HABITAT is the place where it lives.

Each one is adapted to its NICHE – this is its role and position in the environment.

Activity: to interpret information and apply knowledge

Study the table of STRATEGIES FOR SURVIVAL exhibited by common garden plants and animals. Provide the purpose of each adaptation.

The citrus swallowtail butterfly has mouth parts that suck up nectar. The butterfly has strong wings.

The hairy caterpillar becomes a lovely but poisonous butterfly. The prickly hairs of the caterpillar protect it.

The rose bush has thorns and leathery leaves with sharp, short tips. Caterpillars eat the leaf margins.

The chameleon has bulging eyes that can move independently. It has four toes – two point forwards and two point backwards.

It has a long prehensile tail that can grip strongly.

It is also able to adapt its colour to its surroundings.

The seeds of the thistle form an umbrella-like plume that allows long-distance dispersal by wind.

Study the following sketches and complete the accompanying questions.

The Sugarbird

Which adaptations are visible?

The fiscal shrike

How has this bird adapted?

The praying mantis

Describe the adaptation of the praying mantis.

Assessment for ADAPTATIONS:

Could you make correct deductions by allocating information to categories and interpreting it?

[LO 2.3; 2.4]


Learning outcomes 1: Scientific investigations

The learner will be able to act confidently on curiosity about natural phenomena, and to investigate relationships and solve problems in scientific, technological and environmental contexts.

This is evident when the learner

1.1 is able to plan investigations;

1.2 is able to conduct an investigation and collect data;

1.3 is able to evaluate data and communicate findings.

Learning outcomes 2: Constructing Science Knowledge

The learner will know and be able to interpret and apply scientific, technological and environmental knowledge.

This is evident when the learner

2.3 is able to interpret information;

2.4 is able to apply knowledge.



  • Instruct learners to do this discussion in dialogue (two learners to a group).


  • Give advance instruction to learners for forward planning and finding of materials.


  • Cutting and pasting activity.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11050/1.1
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