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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The ancient roman civilization: 5oo b.c. to 500 a.d.

Module 16

The roman army

The power of the Roman Empire lay in its military power. Their main aim was to protect the Empire and to maintain peace. In the beginning there was only a farm system. There were not enough soldiers, so they implemented a permanent force.

By 200 B.C. there were only four legions (6 000 men each) as opposed to 28 by 50 A.D. The defence force was like a well oiled machine. Soldiers had to supply their own weapons (swords, spears, shields). Weekly they were instructed in the art of fighting together, handling weapons, drilling, etc. for each soldier to know precisely what his duty was in the legion. Their success also lay in the fact that the commander could move around his units to where they were needed most. If a particular unit acted in a cowardly fashion, every tenth man in this unit was killed to serve as an example to the rest.

Activity:

To observe the cause and effect, as well as the formations of the roman army

[lo 2.2]

First of all we are going to get to know more about the daily activities of the soldiers.

  1. Nominate each section of the soldier's outfit. Only use the letters.
Helmet …………..
Body shield of leather, iron plates
Iron sword with bone grip
Spear with iron tip and wooden shaft
Shield of wood covered with leather
Belt/apron of metal
Leather sandals with iron studs
Dagger

Now discuss in your groups the reasons for the specific design of each part of the outfit!

b) The legions could move about and attack in different formations. Explain, by means of sketches, how you would attack the following:

  • a strong fort;
  • a herd of stampeding elephants!

c) BRAINSTORM:

Explain to your friend why the Roman army became famous for its method of besieging a hostile city.

d) Choose your own soldiers!

The following game to recognize causes and results will test your ability to its limits.

Emperor Claudius decides to attack a hostile British tribe, the Britons. Unfortunately he has little money available, because they are busy building ships for the Empire, and they also have to pay thousands of soldiers. The abacus shows how much money you can spend (represented by the five beads.)

First study the secret information that is provided below very carefully and help the emperor to calculate a suitable combination. Colour in the row of beads of your choice. The cost is indicated on each item e.g. LL.

Abacus

e) Resulting from the brainstorming session, write a short letter to the emperor and motivate the choice you have made. Also briefly refer to the tactics you would use to defeat the Britons. You may include sketches.

b) Soldier game!

This should give you a good idea of a day in the life of a Roman soldier who is not at war. Once again you will see the continuous relationship between cause and effect.

Rules: Rules: Use a dice and two markers and play in pairs.

Assessment

LO 2

HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 understands chronology and time:

compiles an historical time line with BC, AD, ancient, modern;

2.2 supplies reasons why an historical event took place (causes, effects):

is able to supply proof orally or in written form of causes / effects of events, and to identify patterns;

2.3 differentiates between different periods (similarities, differences):

shows differences / similarities between situations experienced at present and those of a specific period by making use of written evidence.

Memorandum

Activity

(a)

Helmet d
Body shield of leather and iron plates e
Iron sword with a bone grip c
Spear with iron tip and wooden shaft a
Shield of wood and covered with leather h
Belt/apron of metal f
Leather sandals with iron studs g
Dagger b

(c) The gigantic catapults could fire giant rocks and spears caused damage to the walls and gates of enemy cities. It was made of wood and rope that was wound tightly.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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