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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

An early african community: people of s.a.

Module 9

Dwellings for africa

THE EARLIEST INHABITANTS OF SOUTH AFRICA ALSO WERE THE EARLIEST PEOPLE OF AFRICA. IN THE FOLLOWING MODULES WE WILL STUDY THEIR DWELLINGS, FOOD AND MUSIC.

There are many different groups of people in South Africa and they live in different kinds of homes. Their dwellings have also changed considerably from the simple cave dwellings of the Stone Age to the homes of today. Technological progress has brought about incredible change.

We are going to study indigenous homes, early Cape homesteads, pioneer homes, homesteads in the British architectural style, and certain contemporary houses.

Activity:

To consult sources for information on indigenous housing and report your findings

[lo 1.2; 1.3]

a) This is an exercise in which you simply need to supply missing words! (You will also be doing a quick revision of the earliest homes of the San and the Khoina people.)

The San were nomadic (a) _________ and gatherers. They lived

in caves or shelters made of branches and (b) ________ to protect

them from (c) ______, sun and rain and (d) ____

sleeping in at night. (e) ________ Khoina moved around with their (f)_______

and they therefore lived in (g) ______ huts made of grass mats. The mats

(h) ________ light and could be rolled up (i) ______ they had to

move further (j) ____ young branches were used (k) ________

the frames and they were covered with (l) _________ or grass mats. When

(m) _______ rained, the (n) __________ became swollen with

absorbed water and this prevented the raindrops from getting (o) _____ the

shelter. Many examples of (p) ____ type of dwelling can still be seen (q) ____ Namaqualand.

b) Work in groups when you consult sources to find answers to the following questions:

How did the tasks performed by men differ from those performed by women?

What are the differences and similarities that you notice?

Who are these people?

Where did they live?

When did they live?

How did they live?

The San loved listening to stories that explained natural occurrences when they gathered together around the campfire. Make up your own stories about why there are spots on the moon.

c) Look closely at the following sketch of the dwellings of the Khoina, and report back as a group:

How did they make their huts? What was used for the floors? What is used for the floors in your house?

Why were the huts arranged around the hut belonging to the chief?

On what did they sleep at night? On what do you sleep?

Where did they get water? How are your schools and houses supplied with water?

Why did the Khoina have more possessions than the San?

Supppose a man among the Khoina became blind. How would he have to adapt his lifestyle? (In the short term and in the long term)

d) The Nguni peoples mainly built round huts of clay or stone – usually with thatched roofs. Zulu and Tswana huts traditionally consisted of frameworks of sapling branches with conical thatched roofs.

Find examples of other indigenous dwellings. Paste or draw them in your workbook.

Zulu kraal

Nguni hut

e) Suppose that you are a spy who has to determine where the tribe's new kraal has to be built on behalf of your chief.

Draw a map of the countryside showing the ideal position for the new kraal. Then write a brief spying report (about five sentences) to persuade the chief to follow your suggestion for the location of the kraal. Provide reasons that refer to the veld, water and soil to justify your choice!

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY- The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

1.1 Access the sources

Start asking additional questions on events, artefacts, places, people. They vary in degree of difficulty.

1.2 Use the sources

Able to use page references

Know which sources (books) on specific topics contain information for an assignment / exhibition.

1.3 Communicate information from sources (reporting)

Able to explain information on a diagram, map, chart, sketch

Able to explain an event from the past orally or in writing.

Memorandum

Activity

a) hunter

b) reed mats

c) wind

e) the

f) livestock

g) round

h) were

i) when

j) supple, flexible

k) for

l) branches

m) it

n) reeds

o) into

p) this

q) in

b) The men hunted for meat, while the children cared for the livestock. The women were responsible for gathering berries and wild roots (veld food), and making clay pots for storing water and milk. Initially the Khoina was a race of shepherds along the coast of East Africa. Later they moved southwards after water and grazing. Since the tenth century they lived south of the Orange River.

The SAN were the first inhabitants of Southern Africa. The men were responsible for hunting and making arrows. The women gathered veld food, were responsible for the household, prepared food, cared for the children, and also built the shelters.

c) The kraal of the Khoina was built in the shape of a circle (beehive), surrounded by a hedge of thorn branches and poles for protection. The entrances to the huts all pointed to the inside of the kraal. At night the livestock slept in the middle of the kraal. The floors of the huts were smeared with manure, and the people slept on rush mats on the floor.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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