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How important is today?

Suppose that you and a friend were working on a wine and a wheat farm respectively during the eighteenth century. Compile a joint farming programme in which you compare your duties during the year with similar present-day (modern) farming.

Activity 3:

To report on cattle farming

[lo 1.3]

a) Read the following article attentively and then conduct a class quiz on the information contained in it.

The Dutch later crossed the cattle they had brought with them from the Netherlands with cattle traded from the Khoina. The red Afrikaner cattle are representative of the cattle that were developed in those times.

The king of Spain presented two merino rams and four ewes to the Dutch government in 1789. The rams thrived at the Cape and provided wool and meat of excellent quality. Today, approximately 80 % of South African flocks are made up of this race of sheep. There are about 28 million sheep in South Africa!

Some cattle farmers had left the Cape by the eighteenth century to move into the interior. They kept stock for meat rather than for wool. Their food mainly consisted of the mutton obtained from their hardy fat-tailed sheep, beef from the long-horned cattle and venison from the large herds of game. Cream was separated from milk to make butter and fruit was preserved by means of drying or bottling. Sometimes the farmers sowed grains, but harvesting it was not possible when they were obliged to move on to find grazing, or when it was damaged due to wet weather or drought. Bread was baked in anthills or clay ovens. Coffee, tea and sugar were luxury items and were mostly "bought" from itinerant traders ("smouse").

Activity 4:

To differentiate between facts and opinions concerning the present-day (modern) provision of food

[lo 2.3]

Nowadays most people live in towns or cities where they are close to food. Form groups for finding out where the basic foodstuffs that you require come from.

  1. Draw the following table in you workbook. Then complete a survey by questioning the members of your family.
(Change, if necessary) 0,5 km 2 km+ 5 km+
Fresh fruit/vegetables
Tinned food
Average distance:

b) Now you have obtained specific information from oral sources. Determine whether the following distances represent facts or opinions:

Most foodstuffs are easily accessible.

Most shopping is done close to people's homes.

Most of the above foodstuffs are bought at specific places.

This situation is altogether different from that the previous century or centuries.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY- The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

1.1 Access the sources

Start asking additional questions on events, artefacts, places, people. They vary in degree of difficulty.

1.2 Use the sources

Able to use page references

Know which sources (books) on specific topics contain information for an assignment / exhibition.

1.3 Communicate information from sources (reporting)

Able to explain information on a diagram, map, chart, sketch

Able to explain an event from the past orally or in writing.

LEARNING OUTCOME 2: HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING – The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding

2.1 Understand chronology and time

Compilation of an historical time line with BC, AD, ancient, modern.

2.2 Supply reasons why an historical event took place (causes, effects).

Is able to supply proof orally or in written form of causes / effects of events, and to identify patterns.

2.3 Differentiate between different periods (similarities, differences).

Show differences / similarities between situations experienced at present and those of a specific period by making use of written evidence.

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: INTERPRETING HISTORY – The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history

3.1 Be aware of more than one view of the past

Understand that different views of the same issue may be right or wrong.

3.2 Distinguish between fact and opinion.

Distinguish between a fact and an opinion.

Is able to access information from maps, charts, diagrams and graphs.

3.3 Reconstruct the past

Is able to reconstruct events and understand how people feel about them.

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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