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  • Keep legs open and knees bent, and lift feet alternately (repeat eight times).
  • Bring feet together and walk on the spot (eight counts).
  • Combine walking on the spot with opening and closing legs (eight counts).
  • Walk on the spot. Lift arms up and down (repeat eight times).
  • Walk on the spot. Repeat breathing exercise.

The warm up should take at least three minutes and no more than five minutes.

You should be breathing normally throughout the warm-up.

Activity 3:

To establish mutual trust with a dance partner

[lo 4.1]

In order for you to do your dance successfully, trust needs to be established between you and your partner.

Your partner must be the same height as you are.

 Face your partner and hold both his/her hands. Place your feet as close to your partner’s feet as possible and pull back with all your weight.

 Hold this position for a while.

 Stand next to your partner and face forwards. Hold one hand. Place feet together and pull away from each other.

 Change hands while turning to face the backwards.

 One of the partners stands with his/her back to the other partner. Take turns in falling backwards and being caught by your partner.

 Combine these trust exercises into a sequence.

 Explore simple arm movements.

 Explore turning.

Note: This exercise is to be done without vocalisation, as you are to concentrate on balance and timing.

Activity 4:

To explain and demonstrate the wedding dance

[lo 4.1]

The previous trust activity acts as preparation for the Wedding Dance. This dance will be done with partners.

Use the information about a wedding ritual you have researched, and do the following:

 Demonstrate your chosen wedding ritual to the rest of the class.

 Choose from all the dances demonstrate one wedding ritual.

 Step in lines and circles as in a procession.

 Introduce opening/closing, swaying and turning actions to represent togetherness.

 Work on motifs based on bowing, lifting, reaching, lowering, crouching, opening, closing, turning, kneeling, involving moving in unison, leading and following.

 Share ideas and build up a ceremonial wedding dance made up of slow step patterns, clear body shapes and exaggerated gestures.

 Choose ritualistic pieces of music with regular rhythms from several cultures.

 Discuss the differences in spiritual expression between them.

 Explore the emotion involved in a wedding ceremony.

 Explore props and costumes used for a wedding ceremony.

Activity 5:

To cool down and stretch after dance exercises

[lo 4.1]

It is important for the muscles used during the exercise to be stretched or you will have “stiff” muscles for about three days.

Choose music with a slow tempo.

 Lie on you back on the floor, arms above your head and legs straight.

 Lengthen your body by reaching with your arms and pointing your toes. Hold stretch for eight counts and release.

 Bring arms to your sides.

 Bend your knees, keeping your feet on the floor.

 Bring one leg onto your chest. Hold the leg with both hands and pull toward your body. (Hold for eight counts) .

 Straighten the bent knee and pull leg towards your head (do not force the stretch). Hold for eight counts.

 Change legs.

 Bring both legs into your body and hug your legs. Lift your head and shoulders slightly off the floor. Hold for eight counts.


 Drop knees to the left side. Keep upper body and shoulders on the floor, with arms stretched to the sides.

 Change to right-hand side.

 Return legs to centre position. Sit up, with knees bent and hands on knees. Straighten your back. Pull your body forward between your knees, keeping your hands on your knees.

 Slowly get up onto your feet by lifting your buttocks off the floor.

 Slowly curl upwards, keeping knees bent. Head comes up last.

 Shake all moveable parts of the body.

All stretches should be held for eight counts/beats.

The cool-down should not be shorter than three minutesor longer than five minutes.

All stretches should be done slowly to avoid injury.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 4
EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION The learner is able to analyse and use multiple forms of communication and expression in Arts and Culture.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
MUSIC (4.4)
  • researches, creates and presents music that conveys and suggests the symbolism of ritual.
DRAMA (4.2, 4.3)
  • dramatises a cultural ritual (religious ceremony or social celebration) showing the use of the elements of drama (e.g. patterns, repetition, sequence); and
  • explains the importance of this ritual for the people who participate in it.
DANCE (4.1)
  • finds out, tries out and explains a song-dance ritual (e.g. snake dance, reed dance, stick dance), referring to its purpose and structure patterns, repetition and sequence.
VISUAL ARTS (4.5, 4.6)
  • demonstrates and describes the use of various artefacts in cultural rituals; and
  • researches murals in the community as a form of visual communication in relation to:
  • the intended message;
  • target group;
  • techniques;
  • appropriate materials; and
  • symbols and signs.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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