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  • Keep legs open and knees bent, and lift feet alternately (repeat eight times).
  • Bring feet together and walk on the spot (eight counts).
  • Combine walking on the spot with opening and closing legs (eight counts).
  • Walk on the spot. Lift arms up and down (repeat eight times).
  • Walk on the spot. Repeat breathing exercise.

The warm up should take at least three minutes and no more than five minutes.

You should be breathing normally throughout the warm-up.

Activity 3:

To establish mutual trust with a dance partner

[lo 4.1]

In order for you to do your dance successfully, trust needs to be established between you and your partner.

Your partner must be the same height as you are.

 Face your partner and hold both his/her hands. Place your feet as close to your partner’s feet as possible and pull back with all your weight.

 Hold this position for a while.

 Stand next to your partner and face forwards. Hold one hand. Place feet together and pull away from each other.

 Change hands while turning to face the backwards.

 One of the partners stands with his/her back to the other partner. Take turns in falling backwards and being caught by your partner.

 Combine these trust exercises into a sequence.

 Explore simple arm movements.

 Explore turning.

Note: This exercise is to be done without vocalisation, as you are to concentrate on balance and timing.

Activity 4:

To explain and demonstrate the wedding dance

[lo 4.1]

The previous trust activity acts as preparation for the Wedding Dance. This dance will be done with partners.

Use the information about a wedding ritual you have researched, and do the following:

 Demonstrate your chosen wedding ritual to the rest of the class.

 Choose from all the dances demonstrate one wedding ritual.

 Step in lines and circles as in a procession.

 Introduce opening/closing, swaying and turning actions to represent togetherness.

 Work on motifs based on bowing, lifting, reaching, lowering, crouching, opening, closing, turning, kneeling, involving moving in unison, leading and following.

 Share ideas and build up a ceremonial wedding dance made up of slow step patterns, clear body shapes and exaggerated gestures.

 Choose ritualistic pieces of music with regular rhythms from several cultures.

 Discuss the differences in spiritual expression between them.

 Explore the emotion involved in a wedding ceremony.

 Explore props and costumes used for a wedding ceremony.

Activity 5:

To cool down and stretch after dance exercises

[lo 4.1]

It is important for the muscles used during the exercise to be stretched or you will have “stiff” muscles for about three days.

Choose music with a slow tempo.

 Lie on you back on the floor, arms above your head and legs straight.

 Lengthen your body by reaching with your arms and pointing your toes. Hold stretch for eight counts and release.

 Bring arms to your sides.

 Bend your knees, keeping your feet on the floor.

 Bring one leg onto your chest. Hold the leg with both hands and pull toward your body. (Hold for eight counts) .

 Straighten the bent knee and pull leg towards your head (do not force the stretch). Hold for eight counts.

 Change legs.

 Bring both legs into your body and hug your legs. Lift your head and shoulders slightly off the floor. Hold for eight counts.


 Drop knees to the left side. Keep upper body and shoulders on the floor, with arms stretched to the sides.

 Change to right-hand side.

 Return legs to centre position. Sit up, with knees bent and hands on knees. Straighten your back. Pull your body forward between your knees, keeping your hands on your knees.

 Slowly get up onto your feet by lifting your buttocks off the floor.

 Slowly curl upwards, keeping knees bent. Head comes up last.

 Shake all moveable parts of the body.

All stretches should be held for eight counts/beats.

The cool-down should not be shorter than three minutesor longer than five minutes.

All stretches should be done slowly to avoid injury.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 4
EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION The learner is able to analyse and use multiple forms of communication and expression in Arts and Culture.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
MUSIC (4.4)
  • researches, creates and presents music that conveys and suggests the symbolism of ritual.
DRAMA (4.2, 4.3)
  • dramatises a cultural ritual (religious ceremony or social celebration) showing the use of the elements of drama (e.g. patterns, repetition, sequence); and
  • explains the importance of this ritual for the people who participate in it.
DANCE (4.1)
  • finds out, tries out and explains a song-dance ritual (e.g. snake dance, reed dance, stick dance), referring to its purpose and structure patterns, repetition and sequence.
VISUAL ARTS (4.5, 4.6)
  • demonstrates and describes the use of various artefacts in cultural rituals; and
  • researches murals in the community as a form of visual communication in relation to:
  • the intended message;
  • target group;
  • techniques;
  • appropriate materials; and
  • symbols and signs.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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