<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Geography

Grade 5

Population: distribution and density

Module 25

Who lives where?

The distribution of the South African population

Activity 1:

To recognise densely populated regions in south africa on a map

[lo 1.1; 1.3]

Use an atlas with the above map and identify five urban areas with a large and dense population. Refer to the provincial boundaries to help you to work accurately.

Densely populated urban areas:

Physical factors that influence population distribution

A. The role that the discovery of minerals has played in the settlement of people in South Africa

Large population shifts occurred in South Africa after the discovery of diamonds by approximately 1870 near Kimberley and the discovery of gold in 1886 on the Witwatersrand. Until that time, the population in the interior of the country was relatively scattered. Then people started streaming to the gold and diamond fields and caused a great concentration of people. Soon cities were established where people had previously lived by farming on properties that were far apart from one another.

Mining of minerals

Remember that the mining activities soon also attracted other industries. Factories that manufactured mining equipment, were built and industries that provided in the daily needs of the people, were also established. Traders who sold the manufactured goods appeared on the scene. Minerals often provide the spark that sets off and maintains large-scale development.

Johannesburg, after the discovery of gold, was founded as a mining town, but had become a metropolis within 100 years. If all the gold mines in the region were to become exhausted, it would be a setback for the economy, but the city will continue to provide a large number of services and will therefore still provide work for millions of people.

B. Settlements are also influenced by factors other than the occurrence of mineral deposits

The presence of minerals is not the only factor that leads to settlement. Many fishing communities along the coast make a living from the sea and settle where there is a natural harbour or where a harbour has been built. Fishing therefore is the reason for settling and industries that deliver products to the fishing industry, or process fish, play a role in the creation of employment. Agriculture is a reason for settlement in many parts of South Africa, and in other parts it may be forestry.

Mining, agriculture, forestry and fishing are primary industries. They are first in the order of industries. After the primary industries, we have the secondary industries that process the primary products. At the fringe of the primary and secondary industries, we have trading, which allows products to be bought and sold. Transport plays an important role in the whole process and services also have to be provided where there are so many industries.

It is important to understand how all these processes are linked, but it is important to realise that people are employed in all these industries. The development of more products and building of more factories lead to the creation of better and more employment opportunities for people, who then also have a place to stay.

Activity 2:

To place different professions in categories

[lo 1.3]

  • Below there are ten statements. Place a tick in the appropriate column to indicate the city.

Refer to the maps of Southern Africa in your atlas. They provide information that will help you to choose the right answer.

Johannesburg Durban Cape Town
  1. This city has no significant mining activity.
  1. Industries provide equipment for gold mines.
  1. Many job opportunities in the sugar industry are nearby.
  1. The fishing industry is an important employer.
  1. Water may become a problem for the large population.
  1. Services are provided for the mining industry in general.
  1. The country’s densest railway network is nearby.
  1. The largest city in South Africa.
  1. The capital city of the smallest province.
  1. Capital city of the province with the largest population.

Assessment

LO 1

GEOGRAPHICAL ENQUIRY

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information [finds sources];

1.2 distinguishes between facts and opinions [works with sources];

1.3 categorises information [works with sources];

1.4 uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

1.6 identifies and explores possible solutions to problems [answers the question];

1.7 demonstrates knowledge and under-standing of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

Memorandum

  • Cape Town
  • Durban
  • Johannesburg
  • Pretoria

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Social sciences: geography grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask