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English first additional language

Grade 8

Language as a tool

Module 14

To read for information

Activity 1

To use reference books

[lo 3.8]

Working with your Dictionary

  • When you use a dictionary, you will find that there are guide words at the top of each page. e.g.

cull page 156 curtsy

  • This shows us that cull is the very first word on that page and that curtsy is the last word.
  • These two words will help you decide whether the word you are looking for is on that page.
  • This is a real time-saver. Use it!

Using the above example of guide words decide whether the following words are on this page or not.

culture ; curve; cupful; curry; culinary; currency

WORD On the page Not on the page

1. Now quickly put the words above in alphabetical order. You will have to look at the third letter in order to do this.

2. Quickly arrange the following words in alphabetical order. You will need to look at the fourth letter in each word in order to do this.

spike ; spiral; spine; spit; spice

3. Put the following list in alphabetical order. In this list you will need to look at the fifth letter in each word in order to do this.

paratroops; parallel; paralyse; paraphrase; parasol

4. Mila has the following list of curry ingredients. Arrange them in alphabetical order for her.

cardamon seeds; pine kernels ; chillies; turmeric; paprika ; cinnamon; gharum masala; coriander; buttermilk.

Use a dictionary to look up the meanings of all the words that are new to you in these exercises.

  • Remember the new words and try to use them in a conversation and writing as soon as possible.

Find FIVE words which are new to you in the story Mila’s Magic

  • Make your own dictionary page for them.
  • Arrange them in alphabetical order.
  • Look up the meanings in a dictionary.
  • Now fill in the guide words at the top of the page.

Activity 2:

To read a text (fiction)to read for information

[lo 3.1, 3.4]

Let us complete the story of Mila and her curry.

Mila’s Magic (continued)

14 Mila focused on survival in her new home. The dunes became her paradise. One day her best and only friend, Frieda, approached her with great excitement.

“Mila, Mila! Come! You must read this!” Frieda could hardly contain her excitement. She was waving a piece of paper torn from a magazine.

“Mr Smith will kill you if he sees this!” Mila objected. Frieda seemed not to hear. “What is this?” Mila asked.

15 Frieda, knowing Mila’s secret passion for curry – Gram’s curry, had come across a competition. Anyone could enter an original recipe for curry. The prize-money was R30 000 and an all-expenses paid cruise to a destination of your choice for a family of four. The competition was the highlight of the centennial celebrations of Bashir’s Family Travel Company.

16 It was not the cash or Frieda’s nagging, but the cruise which finally did the trick. Every afternoon the two girls would have a secret mission – to find all the ingredients. They begged and did chores for cash. Mila ensured that nobody at home knew what they were planning. Sara would use the ingredients, take ownership of the recipe and probably enter the competition herself.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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