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English home language

Grade 4

Fears and phobias

Module 9

Sharks!

Ann drew these six sharks for a class project on scary things in the sea. She wrote a description of each, but forgot to number them.

“Now I don’t know which is which,” she said.

Hammerhead shark. Up to 4 metres long. It is slate-grey in colour. It has a wide flattened body and an oddly-shaped hammerhead with eyes on the head and mouth underneath. It has pointed, very fine saw-like teeth.

Blue shark. Length - up to 5 metres. Its back is blue-black, getting lighter in colour, with grey-white underbelly. It has a very slim, streamlined body and long pointed snout.

Man-eater shark. Length from 3 to 6 metres (also up to 12m). Its colour is dark grey-brown to slate blue along back, dirty white underneath. The powerful rounded body has a blunt snout. It has long gill slits. Its teeth are large and triangular with saw-like edges. This shark is very dangerous to man.

Thresher shark. Up to 3 metres long. It is dark blue to light greyish-blue in colour. The body is slender with a blunt snout. It has a very long upper tail (almost half its body length). It uses this long tail to herd shoals of sardines, mackerel and herrings.

Smooth hound. Up to 2 metres long. Its colour is grey to grey-brown, lighter underneath. It has white spots on its back and slender body. Its snout is long and blunt.

Grey shark. From 1 to 2 metres long (sometimes up to 6 m). It is grey in colour, lighter underneath. It has a long upper tail, and only one dorsal (back) fin. It has six gill slits. This shark usually lives in deep waters.

Activity 1

To scan for details and follow descriptions [lo 3.10.2, 3.10.3]

  1. Write down the names of all the sharks that Ann drew and then read her description of each one. Decide which label goes with which picture and put the right number by each name.

Activity 2

To identify main and supporting ideas [lo 3.10.1]

  1. Answer these questions about the sharks in full sentences.
  • What does the Thresher shark do with its tail?
  • Which shark do you think looks strangest?
  • Which shark is the most dangerous to man?
  • What does a shark use its gills for?

Do you know any more about sharks? See if your group can find more facts and stories about them.

BECOME FEARLESS

Would you believe it that some people have a FEAR OF WORDS? It is called VERBOPHOBIA. I would like to ensure that you never suffer from this phobia. Here are some exercises to show you that words can be FUN.

LITTLE MISS MUFFET

Little miss Muffet

Sat on her tuffet

Eating her curds and whey.

There came a big spider

And sat down beside her

And frightened Miss Muffet away!

MODERN MISS MUFFET

Remains on her tuffet

And hasn’t been frightened away.

The spider, downhearted

And dizzy, departed

Repelled by her pressurised spray.

Isn’t that clever? You can do it too. You need to notice two tricks:

  1. Rhyme: The poet uses the same rhyming pattern as the original poem. Lines 1 and 2 rhyme; lines 4 and 5 rhyme; lines 3 and 6 rhyme.
  2. Rhythm: You can clap the rhythm and see that it is the same in both poems.

Now you try these two tricks on a well-known nursery rhyme. Use “Three Blind Mice” or “Mary Had a Little Lamb” and see what fun version you can create.

MORE FEARLESS FUN WITH WORDS

  • Let me introduce you to PALINDROMES. These are words or sentences that read the same backwards as forwards. Take a look.

Neil, an alien

Party trap

Activity 3

To learn about palindromes [lo 4.4.1]

  • Use the clues to find the correct palindromes. Learn to spell them.

1. …………… 2. ……………… 3. …………..…… 4. ………………………...……

  1. flat and even ………………………………….
  2. midday; 12 o’clock in the day time ………………………………….
  3. worn under the chin of a baby ………………………………….
  4. another name for mother ………………………………….
  5. another name for father ………………………………….
  6. things done by people on their own ………………………………….
  7. having to do with a city or town ………………………………….
  8. something done; an action ………………………………….

Words to help you

solos noon ewe kayak civic bib level eye mom nun deed dad

This is a PALINDROME sentence and Napoleon Bonaparte wrote it when he took ill at a place called Elba . “ Able was I ere I saw Elba.”

  • Try some of your own.

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 3: READING AND VIEWING The learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

3.10 understands and responds appropriately to information texts:

3.10.1 identifies main and supporting ideas; 3.10.2 scans for specific details in texts (e.g. weather reports, bus timetables, maps);

3.10.2 scans for specific details in texts (e.g. weather reports, bus timetables, maps);

3.10.3 follows short printed instructions and directions.

LEARNING OUTCOME 4: WRITING The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

4.4 applies knowledge of language at various levels:

4.4.1 word level.

Memorandum

Activity 1

Hammerhead shark- 1

Man-eater shark - 3

Blue shark - 2

Thresher shark - 6

Smooth hound - 5

Grey shark - 4

Activity 2

It herds its prey (small fish, such as sardines, herrings and mackerel).

The hammerhead

The man-eater

To breathe

Activity 3

1. eye

2. nun

3. ewe

4. kayak

5. level

6. noon

7. bib

8. mom

9. dad

10. solos

11. civic

12. deed

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11092/1.1
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