<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Arts and culture

Grade 4

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 26

Music: your own music

Your own music

Activity 1

To create your own instruments [lo 1.8]

What is expected of me?

The final product must produce sound (make), otherwise it is not an instrument!

Use any available or waste products – tins, sticks, paper plates, stones, empty toilet rolls, shells, copper pipes, dry beans and nails, to name but a few!

DO NOT BUY ANYTHING.

Experiment with SOUND:

What techniques can be used?

(shake, tap, scrape, etc.)

How can I change the sound? (high/low; hard/soft; clear/muffled)

E xample 1

Use two pencils as drumsticks . Tap them against one another and make your own conclusions about the change in sound.

Would thin sticks make the same sound as thicker ones? ……………………..

What is the difference in sound? …………………………………………………..

Would the sound change if you tapped on different spots on the pencil?………

How does the sound change when tapping the point versus taping the middle?

………………………………………………………………………………………….

E xample 2

An empty tin with a plastic lid.

How can the tin be used as a:

Drum ? …………………………………………………………………………………

Marakka ? ……………………………………………………………………………..

How can the sound be changed when using these instruments?

Marakka ………………………………………………………………………………

Drum ………………………………………………………………………………….

Other possibilities:

Look around you! What can you use to produce sound? Practically every object that you touch can be used to produce sound! Be original.

Activity 2

To distinguish between sound and silence [lo 1.6, 1.7]

Your educator will play name games with you.

Complete the following by adding your name in Morse code.

What is your name.▬   ▬▬▬▬ my name is 4

If we substitute a note with silence, we call it a …………………………..

Complete:
Write the notes in Morse code: What are the notes called?

Activity 3

To distinguish between high and low [lo 1.7]

Pitch means how high or low a note is

Complete the following:

Pat is my name.▬ ▬▬▬▬ What is your name?

Write down your name the way it is pronounced - distinguish between high and low:

Example:

Ja – son ▬ ▬ or Ja – son ▬ ▬ or Ja – son ▬ ▬

………………………………………………………………………………

Game:

Paste the two patterns which you must practise and perform, here:

Write down your own pattern in Morse code or notation.

Activity 4

To create a sound picture [lo 1.6, 1.7, 1.9]

Your educator will read a folk tale from Nigeria to you – twice. Listen to the story and take in the details.

The story of thunder and lightning

Long ago Thunder and Lightning lived on earth among the people. Thunder and Lightning were sheep; Thunder was the mother and Lightning was her son, a ram. These two animals were not popular among the people, as Lightning was always looking for trouble. As soon as they disagreed with him, he became furious and set everything around him on fire, even the huts and trees. 1 In this way he often destroyed the harvest on farms, and occasionally even people who were in his way were killed.

As soon as Thunder discovered that Lightning behaved in such a manner, she shouted at him as loudly as she could - this was very, very loud! 2 Each time this happened, the neighbours became very upset: first about the damage caused by Lightning and secondly about the unbearable noise from his mother which always followed his outbursts. 3

The villagers often complained to the king, until the king eventually sent these two to the outskirts of the village informing them that they may no longer have any contact with the inhabitants. 4 This however did not help, as Lightning was still able to see the inhabitants walking around and could still bother them. 5 6 7

The king commanded them to appear before him: 8 "I have given you several chances for a better life, but I see that it is hopeless. You will leave our village and go and live in the wild bush. We never want to see you here again.”

Thunder and Lightning had no choice but to obey the king and to accept the king's decision. They left the village, but remained angry with the inhabitants.

A great deal of trouble still awaited the inhabitants.

Lightning was so angry that he had been banned, that he set the whole bush alight. As it was very dry, the flames spread to the adjacent little farms and even to some of the huts. 9 Once again, the people were desperate. They heard his mother's mighty voice trying to stop her son, but as always it was too late, as the damage had already been done. 10 11

The king called all his counsellors together to ask for help. After a long debate, they eventually came up with an idea. They decided to ban both Thunder and Lightning off the face of the earth. They had to go and live in the sky. This, the king told them. 12

Thus they were sent off to live in the sky where they could not harm the people. At least this is what they hoped!

But things did not quite work out this way.

Lightning still loses his temper and from time to time cannot resist sending fire to the earth. Then you can hear his mother's loud, rumbling reprimand. 13 14 15 16

The class will be divided into four groups: each group is represented by a specific symbol, like the examples below. Indicate in which group you are.

Thunder

Lightning and fire

People

King

My pattern:

………………………………………………………………………………………….

Now, use the symbols to tell the story!

As soon as you know the story in music, you may read the story a second time and decide where you must play loudly and where softly. The further away Thunder and Lightning are sent, the softer the sound; the angrier the people become, the louder the sound!

pp = very soft

ff = very hard

mp = moderately soft

mf = moderately loud

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING

The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.6 uses voice, body and found or made instruments to explore sounds and silence related to walking, running, and skipping note values, in order to explore rhythms and to create sound pictures;

1.7 composes and presents a short rhythmic pattern that has crotchets, crochet rests, minims and minim rests through body percussion;

1.8 makes in various tone colours, a simple wind instrument such as a Kazoo or Tshikona / Dinaka pipes, or percussion instruments such as shakers;

1.9 creates and presents melodies using voice and sound and natural instruments to demonstrate difference in pitch and note values.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Arts and culture grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask