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Social sciences

Grade 8

Geography: settlements

Module 4

Migration

1. The migration of people to new surroundings

You have already become acquainted with the migration of people from the countryside to the city. Migration, however, does not only take place from rural to urban areas. People move from one urban area to another, and also from one country to another.

Migration from the place where you have been living for many years, e.g. from Cape Town to a new city, e.g. London, is known as EMIGRATION .

Migration to a place where you have found a new home, is called IMMIGRATION. e.g. to London.

Migration is a permanent relocation to a new environment or place.

R easons for migration

There are various reasons why people move from one place the other. These factors can usually be divided into two categories, namely:

Push factors – factors that encourage people to leave a specific area.

Pull factors – factors that entice people to settle in a specific area.

Activity 1:

To obtain information about migration

[lo 1.2]

Collect information about people who migrate to other countries and answer the questions that follow:

1. What circumstances in South Africa do you think made people decide to take such a step?

2. What influence will this tendency have on the South African economy if highly schooled workers are to leave the country in large numbers?

2. Factors that promote migration

2.1 Push factors

Push factors play an important role as a reason for migration. Push factors can mainly be divided into three categories:

a) Political factors: political factors play a role where people immigrate due to pressure or persecution experienced in their land of birth. During the years of Apartheid many black South Africans left the country and went to live elsewhere, e.g. in England and Europe due to political pressure and persecution that they suffered here, as well as the lack of educational opportunities.

b) Economic factors: economic factors play a role when the economic system of a country is not favourable, causing people to leave for another country where they can enjoy a better life. Many people have moved to the USA and England where better working conditions are available.

c) Environmental factors: people also leave their homes because of an unfavourable physical environment. Too much or too little water may be a serious hazard for the environment. People are forced to move because they live on the flood plains of a river. During a flood their properties and lives are threatened by the water masses.

Activity 2:

To communicate personal experiences in writing

[lo 1.5]

On your own

You are a migrant worker who helps to harvest fruit in the Cape. You work on as farm near Worcester. Write a letter to your family living in Kimberley, describing the difficult living and working conditions you experience.

P olitical push factors

People are often obliged to leave their country due to persecution or threats to their lives because of their political ideas. These refugees must then find themselves

another place to live. They cannot return to their country, because their lives are in danger.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11036/1.1
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