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Statistics South Africa has indicated that the CPI (Consumer Price Index) – the all-inclusive measure of inflation – has increased by 10,6% in July. The increase is the result, among other factors, of a 5,2% increase in housing costs as compared with June this year. The increase in interest rates of commercial banks from 15% to 16% in June was offered as reason for the steep increase in housing costs.

Housing, food and transport make up more than half of the CPI basket of goods. Steep increases in these components explain the rise in inflation. Refer to the following table:

THIS IS WHY CONSUMERS HAD TO DIP DEEP INTO THEIR POCKETS

Item %-increase since July 2001

HOUSING 16,76%

FOOD 16,83%

MEDICAL COST 12,72%

TRANSPORT 6,72%

(Source: Standard Bank)

Food prices this year made a considerable contribution to the inflation monster. Mr Craig Irwing of the Consumer Insight Agency, who investigates consumer affairs on behalf of large enterprises, regards the price increases as a call to prioritise. He said that consumers will have to decide what they will sacrifice – this will probably be unavoidable. The big question will just be what? Will it be an extra school shirt or a bottle of wine? Mr Irwing suggested that it will hopefully in most cases be the luxury item.

Ms Basson of Salon Karin expects that fewer people will visit hair salons. She suggested that clients will prefer to apply colour and take care of their hair at home rather than count cents.

Although most families try to eat out from time to time, they spend less per meal. A manager at Spur asserts that clients now order 200g rather than 500g steaks. Whereas they used to eat out twice a month, they can now afford to do so once a month at most.

Medical services have been hit hardest by inflation increases. Patients increasingly inquire about generic equivalents of costly medicines.

(August 2002 - Die Burger )

  1. What are the main causes of the continuing increases in the prices of the following commodities?

Housing:

Transport:

Food:

Medical costs:

  1. Does the above article refer to DEMAND-PULL INFLATION or COST-PUSH INFLATION? Explain why.

Activity 2

INFLATION

Do research on the following topics and hand in a written report.

  1. Explain the function of STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA (SSA).

Assessment

Learning Outcomes (LOs)

LO 1

the economic cycle

The learner will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the economic cycle within the context of ‘the economic problem’.

Assessement Standards(ASs)

This is evident when the learner:

describes the historical development of money and its role in societies and their economies;

discusses how trade (import and export) addresses the economic problem (choice and opportunity cost), as well as the role of banks in investing in the economy;

explains how different economic systems address the economic problem (e.g. planned, market and mixed economies);

discusses the role, rights and responsibilities of trade unions;

discusses the role, rights and responsibilities of trade unions;

Overview

ACTIVITY 1: Inflation

Causes of price increases

Housing: Increases in interest rates (3 times in 2002).

Transport: Increases in fuel prices (several times in 2002).

Food: Increases in food prices resulting from rising costs (continuous during 2002).

Medical costs: Deterioration of the exchange rate of the rand, which raises the prices of imports.

  1. Which kind of inflation?

Cost inflation, because the above refers to input costs that lead to rising prices.

ACTIVITY 2: Inflation

Research regarding:

  1. STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA (SSA): SSA gathers a large range of statistics with regard to the South African social and economic environment to assist the State in its effort to plan effectively.
  2. The CPI basket: The CPI basket is a representative selection of consumer goods, the prices of which are monitored continuously (on a monthly basis) over a wide front to be able to determine price changes. The data are used by SSA to calculate the CPI and the rate of inflation.
  3. Evaluate the initiative and judgement of the learners with regard to the financial position of the consumer.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11040/1.1
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