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Life orientation

Grade 6

Healthy lifestyle

Module 3

Hiv and aids: a contagious disease. how can it be prevented or handled?

In South Africa more than 3 million people are currently HIV positive. This disease affects men, women and children of all ages, occupations and population groups in all the provinces of our country. If the current rate of infection does not decrease, one in every four people in the country will be HIV positive by the year 2010. Within 10 years the disease will result in three-quarters of a million South African children being orphans.

How can you prevent contracting the disease?

You have already learned the following in Grade 5:

  1. Regard the problem in a serious light and make sure that you know how the disease is spread.
  2. Make use of every possible opportunity to gain more knowledge of the disease.
  3. Sex must be safe, but should be delayed for as long as possible anyway.
  4. Never touch blood. If someone is injured and bleeding, rather call an adult. If there is a possibility of your touching the blood, pull a plastic bag without any holes over your hands. It is even better to wear rubber gloves.
  5. Never use old syringes or needles in any way.
  6. If you want to have your ears pierced or have a tattoo on your body, make sure that you have it done in a clean, reputable place where the needles are sterilised.

9. It is better to avoid alcohol or drugs completely, as they could prevent you from being able to protect yourself against being infected with the virus.

Activity 1:

To discuss strategies on how to handle a disease

[lo 1.3]

The following is a list of ways in which one can handle a serious disease so that the sick person, as well as the people around him/her who are also affected by the situation, can continue with their lives in the most positive manner possible.

Each group must choose at least two of these strategies, discuss them and make new recommendations on how to handle the disease.

  • Gain information about the disease.
  • Always remain hopeful.
  • Ask relatives to help.
  • Pray for the person.
  • Go to a clinic or hospital for help.
  • Keep all eating utensils clean.
  • Prepare special food for the affected person.
  • Contact the local hospice.
  • Be mindful of symptoms that might indicate that you have possibly contracted the disease.

Activity 2:

To plan and enact short playlets

[lo 1.3]

Plan and enact short playlets or scenes where you depict the following characters:

1. A seriously ill person

2. A doctor

3. The mother or father of the ill person

4. The sister or brother of the ill person

5. The child of the ill person

6. A spiritual person, e.g. a minister or priest

REMEMBER: Decide what disease the patient is suffering from. For the purpose of this role-play you must choose a life-threatening disease. Afterwards you must discuss the contribution made by each character in this situation.

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
HEALTH PROMOTION The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.
Assessment standards (ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 interprets food labels and critically discusses health effects of listed ingredients;
1.2 participates in a problem-solving activity to address an environmental health issue to formulate environmentally sound choices and/or actions;
1.3 explains causes of communicable diseases (including HIV/AIDS) and available cures, and evaluates prevention strategies, in relation to community norms and personal values;
1.4 identifies different forms of abuse and suggests strategies to deal with them.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11003/1.1
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