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Life orientation

Grade 4

Good health

Module 1

Healthy menus

In this module we are going to explore healthy eating habits and look at the menus of different cultural groups.

Activity 1

To prepare traditional mealie porridge [lo 1.1]

A recipe for traditional mealie porridge (for six people).

In South Africa a bowl of delicious unprocessed mealie-meal porridge is just the thing to give you energy for a hard day’s work. Drink a glass of fresh milk at breakfast just to make sure that you have enough calcium to keep your teeth and bones strong and healthy while you are still growing.

Here is a recipe for mealie meal porridge that you can make at home, or even at school. The recipe is enough for five cups of mealie meal porridge:


One cup of mealie meal

Five to six cups of water

A pinch of salt


Boil the water and add the salt.

Mix the mealie meal with a little cold water.

Add the mealie meal to the boiling water, stirring all the time, until it thickens.

Stir the porridge now and then while it simmers gently. If it gets too thick, you can add a little water.

Serve it with milk and sugar, or some honey to taste.


The water can be substituted by milk. This increases the nutritional value of the porridge.

Activity 2

To make a hotbox [lo 1.1]

Make a hotbox. It is a clever way of saving electricity.


A sturdy container, e.g. a cardboard box

Two old cushions

An old blanket, newspaper or pieces of material or bags

A pot that can hold at least one and a half litres of water. It is important that the pot must have a lid that fits tightly.

Ingredients as for the mealie porridge


Strengthen and insulate the cardboard box on the outside with the old blanket, bag or newspaper.

Put one cushion in the bottom of the box and make a hollow in it.

Bring the mealie porridge (as explained on the previous page) to the boil on a stove plate, primus stove or small fire.

Cover the pot tightly with the lid and put it in the hollow of the cushion in your hotbox.

Put the other cushion on top of the pot.

Put some more newspapers on top of the cushion and fold them in so that the heat will not escape.

After four hours the porridge will be cooked and it will be just the right temperature for eating!

You can also cook samp, dried beans, lentils and other grains in this way. Just remember to soak it overnight before cooking it.

Did you know that porridge could be cooked in the same way in a hot water (thermos) flask?

Activity 3

To plan a mother’s day breakfast [lo 1.1]

Group Work

1. Discuss what you have for breakfast. Offer suggestions on how to improve this meal.

2. What is your favourite breakfast?

  1. Design a magazine advertisement for your favourite breakfast porridge. Bear in mind that your target group is school children.
  2. Plan a television advertisement for a new breakfast cereal. Try to make up a “jingle” (short song) to advertise the product.

5. It is Mother’s Day and you have to think up a breakfast surprise for a wonderful mother.

Mother’s Day breakfast menu:

Evaluate the other group’s porridge:

Cooperation poor average good
Following instructions
Completing an assignment
Taste of the porridge

Comparative table for the method of cooking mealie porridge.

Method of cooking: Primus stove Three-legged pot over a small fire Hotbox Thermos flask
Preparation time (e.g. making the hotbox)
Cooking time
How long does it stay warm?
Tongue tip test (Which porridge was the tastiest?)

Activity 4

To compose an advertising jingle for a breakfast cereal [LO 1.1]

In your group decide on a product for which you want to compose a jingle. First discuss the requirements of a jingle.

My assessment of each group’s advertising jingle (make a tick in the appropriate column for each group):

Group Poor Average good



The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner

1.1 investigates menus from various cultures and suggests plans for healthy meals.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11094/1.1
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