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Social sciences

Grade 8

Geography: settlements

Module 3

Purposes for land use

The lay-out of a town or city plan shows that different areas are allocated for differerent purposes. The lay-out of any town or city must be well-planned. It would for instance be disastrous to allow an industry releasing toxic substances in a residential area. For this reason townplanners work years ahead to regulate each area regarding its functions, transport and land usage. It may however happen that the function of certain buildings change.

In Port Elizabeth for instance, many houses are now used for business purposes. The central business district has since been relocated. Close to Greenacres we are already beginning to see the head offices of banks and insurance companies. What once used to be part of the Mill Park residential area, is gradually becoming business premises.

1. Functions of land usage in South African cities

When we consider land use in an urban area, we find that certain basic functions are usually found in all cities. The total urban area usually consists of a number of developed areas, while others are still undeveloped.

The developed area usually consists of two types of areas, on for private and the other for public development.

Areas for private development

The area for private development usually includes three types of land use functions:

a) Residential – e.g. private homes, terraced houses, flats and townhouse complexes.

b) Industries – e.g. storage, light industries and heavy industries.

c) Commerce – e.g. retail, wholesale, financial and professional enterprises.

Areas for public development

The areas for public development serve four types of land functions:

a) streets

b) recreation – such as parks, sports grounds and culture

c) public services – such as hospitals, airports, cemeteries and sewerage

d) education – primary and high school

Undeveloped areas

The undeveloped areas can usually be classified under two headings:

a) unused, open areas

b) agricultural land

Activity 1:

To describe the role and function of land use

[lo 2.2]

Study this illustration of an urban area and answer the questions:

1. Where is the business district of the urban area situated?

2. Would you describe b as a high-income or a lower-income residential area? Give a reason for your answer.

3. What natural obstruction could prevent possible future expansion of the city in a northerly direction (see c )?

4. Are there adequate sporting facilities to provide in the needs of the city-dwellers?

Activity 2:

To discuss the function of land in any given environment

[lo 2.2]

nb: Teachers should note that this activity is a practical assignment that can be executed in groups of two.

2 The function of the land in my environment

Study the table and additional information and follow the teacher’s instructions to determine the use of land in your own environment.

Land use category description Plot No.
Public Services e.g. churches, hospitals, airports, etc.
Education e.g. schools, universities, etc.
Open unused areas
Agricultural land

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11036/1.1
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