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  • Swinging movements like those of a pendulum. The swings must seem to be easy and relaxed.
  • Stand comfortably with feet apart and swing arms forwards and backwards; from side to side and in a figure eight with the emphasis on the downward part of the swing and a momentary hesitation on the upward part of the swing; move the body weight with the swinging movement.
  • Suggested combinations: swing one arm from side to side to a count of four, repeat with the other arm for four counts, repeat with both arms to a count of eight. Start with small movements and build up gradually to large circular movements, using the whole body.
  • Make your own combinations and alternate with stretching, e.g. swing arms in any way for a count of four and then stretch in any direction for a count of four.
  • Work in pairs, in rows or in canon.


Jumping from two feet. Bend the knees and push simultaneously with feet (jump), stretch knees and toes while in the air. Landing from the jump takes place through the toes, metatarsals and heels, followed by bending of the knees.

  • Jump forwards, backwards, right and left.
  • Jump, with quick, repetitive movements, up and down like a ball.
  • Jump like a frog, a kangaroo, a grasshopper.
  • Jump from one foot to the other.
  • Jump over water, over a gate.
  • Hop on one foot.

Suggested combination: four jumps on both feet (count to four), two jumps on right foot, two jumps on left foot (count to four), four jumps forwards, alternating feet (four counts) and freeze taking in an angular shape for four counts.

Make up your own combinations of jumps and movements; teach these to your partner.


  1. Why do we warm up the body?
  1. Give an example of a legato movement.
  1. Name the different levels in dancing.

Activity 2

To improvise and compose dance sequences [lo 3.2]

  • Use your imagination for movements e.g. Fast : an arrow, a squirrel, a jet aeroplane, fire; Slow : ice melting, a tortoise, big trees, the sun setting; High : kites, white clouds, climbing stairs; Low : caterpillars, white rats, worms; Turning/spinning : curling smoke, cd discs, wheels, tops, etc.
  • Explore to be ”, “ to do ” or “ feel ”, e.g. Water: “ to be ”: soap bubbles, rain, waves, etc.; ” to do ”: blow and play with soap bubbles, water ski, swimming in and under water, etc. ; “ feel ”: weightless or floating, walking in cold water, etc.
  • Work in groups or pairs and create a short dance sequence inspired/stimulated by an idea, a poem, a song or music that is clearly descriptive. The chosen material will determine the movements. It is important that the sequence has a clear beginning, middle and ending and that these parts can be distinguished from one another.
  • [ Images, such as the metamorphosis of a butterfly from the caterpillar stage: emphasise the changing levels, shapes, colour (dark/light), tempo with non-locomotoric movements like those of the caterpillar, the spinning of the cocoon in which it will curl up to ‘sleep’, the shell of the cocoon that will break and the butterfly appearing with weak, damp wings that gradually strengthen and allow the butterfly to fly high and low (locomotoric movements) ]


LEARNING OUTCOME 3: PARTICIPATION AND COOPERATION The learner is able to display personal and social skills while participating in arts and culture activities as an individual and in a group.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

3.1 works creatively in dance with props, costumes, found and natural objects and instruments, alone and in groups;

3.2 sensitively uses the concept of personal (own) and general (shared) space in dance explorations.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
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