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Interpress: 1/7/1997 9http/pangaea.org)


1. Study the SIX sources provided above. List possible correspondences and differences among the subjects dealt with by these sources.

2. Study sources A to C. What is the effect of Aids on children in Africa?

3. Study Sources D to F. Which aspects of the South African Constitution (Source C) are not met in using child soldiers in Sierra Leone (Sources E and F)?

4. Consider Sources E and F once more. Do you think the use of child soldiers can be justified in any war? Provide reasons for your answer.

Activity 2:

Aids in africa

[lo 1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 2.3]

The learner will be able to apply research skills , demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history by making use of correspondences and differences, cause and effect and chronology: AIDS AND AFRICA



Impact Of Aids Worsens Famine In Africa

Epidemic spreads rapidly in New Areas in the World,

According to New Report

In spite of Success with Prevention, Global Action

Remains Under-funded

London, 26 November 2002 — The HIV/AIDS epidemic is aggravating an increasingly deadly famine in Southern Africa, according to a new report "AIDS Epidemic - New Information 2002". Present information regarding the global HIV/AIDS epidemic was released today by the Combined UN Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) in commemoration of the World Aids Day on 1 December 2003.

According to the report, the famine in Africa provides a clear example of how the impact of HIV/AIDS also plays a role in other areas of life apart from the loss of life and health-related

costs that are traditionally linked to this illness. More than 14 million people in Lesotho, Swaziland, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe are coming face to face with famine. These predominantly agricultural communities are also engaged in a struggle with serious AIDS epidemics, with more than five million adults, out of a population of 26 million, living with AIDS. These countries also have a total of 600 000 children under the age of 16 who are infected with HIV/AIDS.


Thalyta Swanepoel: Aids: 20 years later.

Twenty-two million people have already died on account of Aids … and 36 million are HIV positive, more than half of them in Africa south of the Sahara.

Information obtained from: Die Burger, 15 June 2001



Tuesday, 18 March 2003

Forty million people world-wide are living with Aids. Thirty million of these are in Africa. Fifty-eight percent of these are women and three million are children under 15 years of age. During 2001, 3,1 million people died as a result of Aids. More than 12 million children have been orphaned as a result of Aids and this number will rise to 30 million by 2010. Aids has been identified as the primary cause of Africa's chronic food shortages and is seen as the number one enemy of the economy. If the current tendency continues, sub-Saharan Africa will experience an economic and social collapse by 2010.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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