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3. Which NEGATIVE RESULTS were noticed after the Congress of Berlin? /2/

4. a) Which other person mentioned in Reading 1 was, like Bismarck, not the ruler of his country, and

b) What important position did this person occupy in the government of his country?

a) __________________________________________

b) __________________________________________/2/

5. Read through the following statement and decide whether the part printed in italics is a cause or an effect

Statement: Problems started for the Germans when Bismarck was dismissed by the German leader, Wilhelm II, in 1890.

Answer: ______________________________

Motivation: ____________________________ /2/

/ 10 /

[LO 2.3]

Activity 2:

To discuss the clashing interests in the colonies as the second cause for the first world war

[lo 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 2.1]


Germany entered the race for territory in Africa at a late stage. Wilhelm II saw an opportunity to expand his power in North Africa through Morocco. Morocco had rich iron ore deposits, an asset to any industrialized country.

France already had control of Algeria, Tunisia, West and Central Sudan and French-Somaliland next to the Red Sea. But France desperately needed iron ore, since Germany had gained their largest supply of iron ore when it annexed Alsace and Lorraine during the French-Prussian War of 1871. On top of that, France still owed Germany war debt. France and Germany had been enemies since 1871.

Britain could not allow France to annex Morocco, since that would threaten the important strategic British naval base at Gibraltar. Germany was building up its fleet. This posed a threat to Britain, the dominant power at sea, who needed a large fleet to protect its outlying colonies. Germany was a common threat to France and Britain in 1904, therefore they formed the Entente Cordiale.

In this agreement, Britain and France put aside their conflicting interests in Africa. France recognized Britain’s interests in Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, while Britain secretly recognized France’s interests in Morocco. Publicly Britain still guaranteed Morocco’s independence.

When France’s interests in Morocco became public, Wilhelm II of Germany visited Morocco and promised the Sultan that Germany would protect Morocco against France. A conference was held in Algeciras in 1906 during which Morocco’s independence and Germany’s economic interests in Morocco were guaranteed. During this conference, France received the support of Britain and its ally, Russia.

Britain was firmly set against the undemocratic Russian government and its autocratic Tsar.

Russia lost the Russo-Japanese war in 1905 and the Tsar was forced to institute the Duma, a form of parliamentary government. Talks between Russia and Britain now became possible. British interests in Persia and Russian interests in Afghanistan were recognized. Furthermore,

the Anglo-Russian Entente of 1907 led to the forming of a new Entente between France, Britain and Russia. The Entente was not a military treaty, but a friendly understanding in the interests of peace in Europe.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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