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History

Grade 4

How transport has served mankind

Module 10

Road transport and its early development

This learning unit tells the incredible history of the development of road transport.

Activity 1

To understand chronological time [lo 3.3]

A)work with a partner to see whether you are able to arrange the illustrations of vehicles used through the ages in their correct chronological sequence.

1

2

3

4

5

B)which similarities and differences do you notice when you compare the remarkable formula one racing car and the first car that had gears?

First motorcar with gears

Formula One racing car

We'll be doing more exercises that involve time later in the module.

Activity 2

To use your sources [lo 1.2]

The San, Khoina and Bantu-speaking peoples lived in our country many years ago.

The San walked to find water for drinking, plants for eating and animals to hunt. They therefore usually carried their possessions with them.

The Khoina and the Bantu-speaking peoples kept cattle. Sometimes they used the animals for transportation. They also used the cattle for trading.

Investigate these groups and write notes for a class discussion on how they contributed to making transport easier.

c)1. Name the different kinds of transportation shown in (a), (b) and (c). Decide on a caption for each picture.

………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………….

2. What is carried or transported by the people in each of the pictures?

…………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………

3. How do you think each of these groups would cross a river?

…………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………

4. Who is able to transport:

  • more goods during a single day?……………………………………….
  • fewer goods during a single day?………………………………………

5. What was used to make the means of transport that is illustrated in (c)?

.………………………………………………………………………………….

6. Which of these means of transport are still in use?……………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………..

Activity 3

To recreate the past [lo 3.3]

People from the Netherlands who came to our country later brought very different means of transport with them. Horses, carts, wagons and slaves were common in the villages of the time. Cattle farmers in particular also used ox wagons.

D)examine this sketch drawn by granny as a group and answer the questions that follow:

The town square in Dogsville towards 1800.

  1. What led to the invention of the wheel and what were the results of this invention?
  2. How many means of transportation can you identify in this picture?
  3. Which of these kinds of transport are in use in your town?
  4. So why are some of the people in the picture walking?
  5. Why is the slave carrying goods from a pole balanced across his shoulders?
  6. What do you notice concerning the window of the sedan chair? What is the reason behind this design?
  7. How have we adapted the handcart and wheelbarrow for contemporary use?
  8. Why do the wagons have such large wheels?
  9. What is the most prominent difference between the two kinds of ox wagon?
  10. Can you see how Granny has confused the present and the past?
  11. Which means of transport would you prefer to use?

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.2 answers questions: uses information from sources to answer questions.

Learning outcome 3: interpreting history

The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • reconstructs the past: able to write, draw and present a narrative about the historical stories that they have heard.

Memorandum

  1. 5 3 2 1 4
  2. Similarities: has wheels.

needs a driver, etc.

Differences: streamlining, speed, power, etc.

c) 1. ox walk/carry sleigh of branches

2. Own answers.

3. Own answers.

4. Most: c Least: b

5. Wood.

6. Probably all three.

d) 1. Causes: comfort, speed.

Results: Buses, cars, bicycles, roller skates, gears, occupations, roads, etc.

  1. 10 (Ox-wagon, hooded cart, bicycle, motor car, horse, horse-cart, sedan chair, bearers, coach, pushcart).
  2. Own answers.
  3. Own answers.
  4. Balance better than when carried by hand.
  5. Curtain – could be opened (more privacy, especially for ?
  6. Wheelbarrow.
  7. Get into motion faster.
  8. One has a canopy, the other is open.
  9. Motorcar and bicycle do not fit.
  10. Own answers.

.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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