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Economic and management sciences

Grade 9

Sustainable growth and development

Module 8

The reconstruction and development programme (rdp)

In order to counteracting the deep-rooted inequalities of south african society, which were established through colonization, racism, sexism and repressive labour and other legislation, the present ANC-led government formulated the RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (RDP) in 1994. The realisation of the programme was to be achieved through FIVE programmes.

1. The FIRST PROGRAMME would focus on PROVIDING THE BASIC NEEDS OF THE POPULATION to ensure that everyone has access to the following “basic necessities”:

a) Creation of EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES by means of co-ordinated government plans that would also ensure maximum participation by women and young job seekers.

b) LAND REFORM, with redistribution of land and resettlement of formerly disadvantaged people as key components;

c) HOUSING AND SERVICES, as the responsibility of the democratic government, to ensure secure dwelling places for all;

d) WATER AND SANITATION to meet the health and functional needs of all for cultivating products, and to support economic development;

e) PROVISION OF POWER AND ELECTRIFICATION for all households to increase the capacity for production and to provide services to schools, clinics and providers of water;

f) TELECOMMUNICATION to ensure universal access to basic services, particularly for disadvantaged communities;

g) TRANSPORT that makes provision for safety, affordability and availability and is in the interest of society in general;

h) ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION that could ensure a “good life” for all by means of sustainable use of natural resources, particularly with regard to access, safety, health and participation in decision making

i) NUTRITION, by which is meant that all persons should gain access to feeding programmes as soon as possible (within three years) to ensure that there will be no fear of famine;.

j) HEALTH CARE that would be affordable and would lead to improvement in physical and mental health, while attending to combating disease, also in the southern african region;

k) COMMUNITY CARE AND PROSPERITY, which has the aim of achieving communal rights for all, eradicating the inequalities of the past through affirmative action and the empowerment of communities to participate in local, provincial and national initiatives.

Activity 1: providing basic needs

Discuss and do research on successes that have been achieved in the above programmes since 1994. Also evaluate the shortcomings of the programmes and the reasons for failure to realise objectives. NB: Evaluate conditions in your immediate environment.

  • Prepare your presentation thoroughly so that you can report your findings to the class for discussion of each aspect. The written presentation should be presented in folio format and a summary must be presented.

2. The SECOND PROGRAMME was to focus on the development of human resources, to ensure that each person would be enabled to attain his or her full potential at the following levels of society:

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 15, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11074/1.1
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