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Life orientation

Grade 6

Rights and responsibilities

Module 8

The meaning and importance of various stages in a person’s life (rites of passage) within different cultures in south africa

Rites of passage relate to personal events that we celebrate. They refer to important milestones in our lives, e.g. birth, coming of age, marriage and death.

Although these events are very personal, they often also have a meaning for the group or community within which they occur. The specific ceremonies relating to these rites are usually determined by the culture and religion of the group. Tradition plays an important role in this regard.

In the table is a brief summary of four different cultures’ customs pertaining to a rite of passage.

  1. Birth
Christian customs Baptism: A holy sacrament during which water is dripped on his/her head.
Muslim customs Doepmal: Allah’s name is whispered in the baby’s ear immediately after his/her birth. A prayer, the Athaan, is said.
Zulu customs Place of worship: The umbilical cord of a Zulu baby is buried under a tree. It remains a special place for that child and binds him/her to nature in a special way.
Jewish customs Briss: This is the circumcision of a baby boy by a Rabbi a few days after the baby’s birth.

b) Coming of age

Christian customs Confession of faith. In many Christian churches young people confess their faith as responsible adults.
Hindu customs Wearing a sari: Once they have entered puberty, girls may wear a sari to functions and religious ceremonies.
Ndebele customs Wela: Every four years, in a full-moon phase between April and June, young Ndebele men are inducted at this ceremony. “Wela” means ‘to cross the river’ and refers specifically to their circumcision. They also learn about the tribe and are taught its age-old rituals.
Jewish customs Barmitzvah: Boys celebrate their reaching maturity at the age of 13 by reading from the Holy Torah during the Sabbath service. In the Reformed Jewish faith, girls celebrate their barmitzvah at the age of 12 during a service in the synagogue.

Activity 1:

To discuss various traditions in the community

[lo 2.4]

The first two tables have been completed for you. You must now discuss among yourselves traditions in your cultural community, find out about the customs of other cultural groups with regard to:

c) Marriage

d) Death

Activity 2:

To portray cultural ceremonies and rites

[lo 2.4]

Optional assignment :

Learners could demonstrate or portray some of the colourful ceremonies and rites of their culture in the classroom. Special food or dishes that they eat during such a ceremony could serve as an example of cultural customs. In some cultures, beautiful costumes are worn during ceremonies – have a special exhibition of these costumes.


Learning outcomes (LOs)
LO 2
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of and commitment to constitutional rights and responsibilities, and to show an understanding of diverse cultures and religions.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 reflects on own application of children’s rights as stated in the South African Constitution;
2.2 discusses and evaluates the significance of a nation-building programme associated with a national day;
2.3 discusses effects of gender stereotyping, sexism and abuse on personal and social relationships;
2.4 interprets the meaning and personal and social significance of important stages in the individual’s life in a variety of cultures;
2.5 discusses the dignity of the person in a variety of religions in South Africa.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11003/1.1
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