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Grade 5

Population: distribution and density

Module 31

Forced removals

In 1948 the National Party came into power in our country. The party developed a policy according to which different cultural groups were separated and settled in separate areas with their own suburbs, recreational facilities, schools, business centres, etc. The Group Areas Act was imposed to implement this policy. This act deprived people of the freedom to choose where they wanted to live. Certain areas were reserved for certain cultural groups. Large groups were forced to vacate their homes and businesses in these areas to make place for other groups for whom the area was reserved.

This policy was followed until 1994 in South Africa, when the first democratic political election took place. The ANC came into power and they abolished the Group Areas Act of 1950 immediately.

Examples of these removals were Sophiatown in Johannesburg and District Six in Cape Town.

The latter area was established when slavery was abolished at the Cape. There were a variety of cultures who once lived together in harmony.

Activity 1:

To distinguish between facts and opinions

[lo 1.2; 1.7]

Read the newspaper reports, discuss the contents in your groups and answer the questions.


Glynnis Underhill

CAPE TOWN - A vision of District Six as “a community of the future” will be outlined at the signing of a historic deal between evicted residents, the Government and the City of Cape Town tomorrow.

The signatories will pledge to recognise the pain and suffering of the community and to re-establish the vibrancy of District Six in its redevelopment.

Major land claimants like Abdul Gaffoor Ebrahim, whose father owned nine properties and two shops in District Six, have also thrown their weight behind the deal, which will pave the way for the speedy redevelopment of the area.

“Nowhere in history have landowners been prepared to sacrifice their land a second time in the interests of the broader community.

“I am hopeful that the Government is committed to restitution and will carry out its moral duty by delivering on its promises. But landowners must be fairly and justly compensated,” said Mr Ebrahim.

More than 45 000 people – families of tenants and landowners who were thrown out under the despised Group Areas Act in the 1960s – are now expected to return to affordable housing in District Six.

Cape Town municipality and the provincial government have been at loggerheads with former residents over the valuable inner-city land.

But now the three parties will commit themselves in writing to work towards healing the damage caused by apartheid, putting to rest years of wrangling.

Plans to create an inner-city community, with emphasis on the most affordable housing, will be developed and discussed at workshops.

Mr Ebrahim said the international community was watching events unfold in District Six and was witnessing this “sorry chapter” in our history come to an end.

“This will be a victory for the victims of apartheid,” he said.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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