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Economic and management systems

Grade 8

Sustainable growth and development

Module 1

Run-up to the reconstruction and development programme (rdp)

South African history is characterised by colonialism, racism, apartheid, sexism and repressive labour and other legislation that has dominated over the economic and social environment since the country was founded in 1652. These factors resulted in deep-seated inequalities in the South African community, which led to revolutionary resistance towards the end of the 20 th century, and eventually to the establishment of a democratically elected government in 1994.

Activity 1: colonialism


Discuss your understanding of the concept COLONIALISM and name examples from other parts of the world where countries / states were colonized. Also indicate which states were involved in the colonization of Africa and South Africa. Which “inequalities” arose in South Africa on account of colonization?

  • Provide a brief report for your presentation to the class. Write this report on a folio. After the class discussion, write a brief summary:

Activity 2: racism


Discuss your understanding of the concept RACISM and explain how this affects everyday life. What do you regard as the main disadvantages of racism, i.e. which “inequalities” resulted from it in South Africa? Does racism occur in other countries?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 3: apartheid


Discuss your understanding of the concept APARTHEID. why did it arise and what were the implications for South African society, i.e. which “inequalities” resulted from apartheid in South Africa?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 4: sexism


Explain what you understand the concept SEXISM to mean and indicate what you see as disadvantages related to it, i.e. which “inequalities” have arisen in South Africa because of sexism.

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 5: repressive legislation


Explain how you understand the concept REPRESSIVE LEGISLATION and provide examples of such legislation that was enforced on the South African community by the previous government. Which “inequalities” were established by such legislation in South Africa?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 6: summative analysis


each learner is required to provide a written analysis of each of the above concepts, under the headings given below. A neat presentation of TWO pages, at most, must be prepared and handed in and a brief summary must be entered: [LO 2.1

1. Analysis of concepts.

2. Examples to illustrate the concepts.

3. Effects on the social and employment environment in South Africa.

To deal with these “problems”, the present government instituted the RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (RDP) in 1994. This programme was meant to fulfil the following broad principles, which were aimed at eliminating “inequalities”.

It had to be:

1. an integrated and sustainable programme (i.e. everyone was to be included)

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11040/1.1
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