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Social sciences


Grade 9

Sa from 1948 to 2000: nationalism

Module 5

Apartheid and apartheid laws

Activity 1:

The following sources deal with Apartheid and Apartheid Laws:

SOURCE A: Act No 55 of 1949 – Prohibition of Mixed Marriages

The law stated that whites and non-whites could no longer marry one another.

SOURCE B: Act No 30 of 1950 – Population Registration Act

Each person was classified by the government as “white”, “coloured” or “native”.

People classified as “coloured’ or ‘native’ were further classified into ethnic groups, e.g. “Malay” or “Griqua”, “Xhosa” or “Zulu” etc.

All people were given official identity cards which stated their racial classification.

SOURCE C: Act No 49 of 1953 – Reservation of Separate Amenities Act

Separate entrances to buildings, separate seats, counters, cinemas, beaches, buses, etc. were established for different race groups.

People who used the wrong facility could be fined £50 or imprisonment for three months.


Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on 28 August 1963. He called it “the greatest demonstration of freedom in the history of our nation.”

I Have a Dream “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream todayI have a dream that one day the state of Alabama …will be transformed into a situation where

little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream todayI have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plains, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together”.

Lo 3:the learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of historical interpretation

1 . You are a 15 year old boy or girl in 1965 and you have received a letter from a pen friend in San Francisco, California. This friend read in a newspaper about apartheid in South Africa. She/he has never before heard the word. Use Sources A, B and C and your own knowledge to describe to her/him in a letter your own interpretation of the meaning of the word ‘apartheid.’ Tell how you are affected by these laws.

Lo 1:the learner is able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

2 . Study Source D:

2.1 From the speech find evidence that apartheid did not only exist in South Africa under the National Party regime.

3 . Compare Sources A, B and C with Source D.

3.1 Which one of the South African apartheid laws was addressed in the speech of Martin Luther King? Motivate your answer with evidence from the sources.

3.2 Martin Luther King made this speech in 1963. After how many years did this dream of his came true in South Africa?

4 . Go to a library or the Internet to find out why Martin Luther King was assassinated and the reason for it.


Learning outcomes (LOs)

LO 1

Historical investigation

The learner is able to use research skills to investigate both the present and the past.

Assessment standards (ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.1 investigates a topic by asking key questions and identifies a variety of relevant sources to explore

this topic [finding sources];

1.2 asks significant questions to evaluate the sources (e.g. to identify bias and stereotypes, omissions and gaps) [working with to sources];

1.3 analyses the information in sources [working with sources];

1.4 presents an independent line of argument in answering questions posed, and justifies (using evidence) the conclusions reached [answering the question];

1.5 communicates knowledge and understanding by constructing own interpretation and argument based on the historical sources; uses information technology where available and appropriate [communicating the answer].

LO 2

Knowledge and Understanding of History

The learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 places events, people and changes in the periods of history studied within chronological framework [chronology and time];

2.2 identifies categories of cause and effect (e.g. immediate and long-term, direct and indirect) [cause and effect];

2.3 explains and analyses the reasons for and results of events in history [cause and effect];

2.4 recognises that change and development does not always mean progress [change and continuity].

LO 3

Interpretation of History

The learner is able to interpret aspects of history.

We know this when the learner:

3.1 understands the contested nature of content, and that historians construct histories when writing about events from the past [source interpretation];

3.2 constructs an interpretation based on sources, giving reasons for own interpretation [source interpretation];

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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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