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English home language

Grade 4

Treats galore!

Module 33

Adjectives

Proverbs

A TREAT – FULL OF ADJECTIVES

Adjectives are very special because they make bland sentences descriptive and interesting to read. Once you are able to identify adjectives, you can use descriptive words in your story writing. You will have your readers spell-bound.

Activity 1

To use adjectives in a paragraph [lo 4.4.2]

Read the following passage:

A. Dad parked our car and we carried our belongings to the beach. It was crowded and we were hot. I longed to swim, surf and dig sandcastles, moats and tunnels in the sand.

Now compare it with:

B. Dad carefully parked our hired car and we eagerly carried our belongings to Plettenberg’s beach. It was extremely crowded and we were dripping with perspiration. I longed to swim, surf and dig enormous sandcastles, large moats and long tunnels in the soft, sunken sand.

Which paragraph is better?

Why?

Underline all the common nouns in B, in orange. Underline all the adjectives in B. in blue.

What do you notice about the position of the adjectives?

An adjective is a word which tells you more about a

The adjective can be before the noun, e.g. A pretty girl.

The adjective can be separated from the noun, e.g. The girl is pretty .

Write a descriptive paragraph on one of the following:

It is my treat, for you . . .

“Oh Gran, all I would like is . . . “

I was very spoilt, that day!

PROVERBS

A p roverb is a wise old saying that tells an important truth.

Activity 2

To learn to use proverbs [lo 6.6]

In the following, the proverbs are divided into two parts and the parts are jumbled. Write out each proverb correctly.

1. Too many cooks a. is a friend indeed.
2. Birds of a feather b. is worth two in the bush.
3. Honesty is c. saves nine.
4. A friend in need d. sweep clean.
5. Every cloud e. the best policy.
6. A stitch in time f. flock together.
7. New brooms g. spoil the broth.
8. Better late h. there’s a way.
9. Where there’s a will i. than never.
10. A bird in the hand j. has a silver lining.

Explain the meaning of these proverbs or tell a short story to explain them.

Write down any other proverbs you know:

Activity 3

To learn the meaning of new words [lo 5.4.3]

PEOPLE ≈ WHO TREATS WHAT?

Use your dictionary to help you answer the following:

What do we call . . . ?

  1. a doctor who treats problems of the mind - ………………………………
  2. a doctor who corrects irregularities in teeth - …………………………….
  3. a doctor who treats children’s diseases - …………………………………
  4. A …………………………….. specialises in the field of x-rays,

5. whereas a ……………………………. treats muscular problems by

exercise, massage etc.

Which –OR is it?

EDITOR or AUDITOR

  1. An …………………………… decides what his newspaper will publish.
  2. An……………………………………… checks the accounts for a firm.

PIRATE or PILOT

  1. A person qualified to take charge of ships entering or leaving a

harbour is a …………………………….

  1. What is the difference between a pedestrian and an equestrian?

A pedestrian ……………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………

A man who introduces artistes at an entertainment show is a

com ....... ....... ....... ....... .

  1. What is an artiste ?…………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………..

6. An artisan who fits and repairs pipes is a pl ………………………….

  1. If you had locked yourself out of your car, who would you call?

……………………………………………………………….

BLACKSMITH or LOCKSMITH

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 4: WRITING The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

4.4 applies knowledge of language at various levels:

4.4.2 sentence level.

LEARNING OUTCOME 5: THINKING AND REASONING The learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

5.4 uses language to think creatively:

5.4.3 finds different ways to express ideas using a thesaurus and discusses nuances in meaning.

LEARNING OUTCOME 6: LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

6.6 uses meta-language (terms such as direct speech, indirect speech, idioms, proverb, formal, informal, simile, quotation marks).

Memorandum

Activity 1

Common nouns:

Car, belongings, beach, swim, surf, sandcastles, boats, tunnels, sand, perspiration

Adjectives:

Hired, Plettenberg’s, enormous, large, long, soft, sunken

An adjective tells you more about a noun .

Activity 2

1. g

2. f

3. e

4. a

5. j

6. c

7. d

8. I

9. h

10. b

Activity 3

1. psychologist

2. orthodontist

3. paediatrician

4. radiologist, physiotherapist

Words

1. editor

2. auditor

3. pilot

4. A pedestrian is a person who is walking esp. in a street.

5. Compére: a person who introduces artistes at a variety show.

6. Arsite: a professional performer esp. singer or dancer.

7. plumber

8. Locksmith

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11092/1.1
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