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To broaden access and encourage community curation, Principles of Microeconomics is “open source” licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license. The economics community is invited to submit examples, emerging research, and other feedback to enhance and strengthen the material and keep it current and relevant for today’s students. Submit your suggestions to info@openstaxcollege.org.

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About Principles of Microeconomics

Principles of Microeconomics has been developed to meet the scope and sequence of most introductory microeconomics courses. At the same time, the book includes a number of innovative features designed to enhance student learning. Instructors can also customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom.

Coverage and scope

To develop Principles of Microeconomics , we acquired the rights to Timothy Taylor’s second edition of Principles of Economics and solicited ideas from economics instructors at all levels of higher education, from community colleges to Ph.D.-granting universities. They told us about their courses, students, challenges, resources, and how a textbook can best meet the needs of both instructors and students.

The result is a book that covers the breadth of economics topics and also provides the necessary depth to ensure the course is manageable for instructors and students alike. And to make it more applied, we have incorporated many current topics. We hope students will be interested to know just how far-reaching the recent recession was (and still is), for example, and why there is so much controversy even among economists over the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare). The Keystone Pipeline, Occupy Wall Street, and minimum wage debates are just a few of the other important topics covered.

The pedagogical choices, chapter arrangements, and learning objective fulfillment were developed and vetted with feedback from educators dedicated to the project. They thoroughly read the material and offered critical and detailed commentary. The outcome is a balanced approach to microeconomics, particularly to the theory and application of economics concepts. New 2015 data are incorporated for topics that range from average U.S. household consumption in Chapter 2 to the total value of all home equity in Chapter 17. Current events are treated in a politically-balanced way as well.

The book is organized into five main parts:

  • What is Economics? The first two chapters introduce students to the study of economics with a focus on making choices in a world of scarce resources.
  • Supply and Demand , Chapters 3 and 4, introduces and explains the first analytical model in economics: supply, demand, and equilibrium, before showing applications in the markets for labor and finance.
  • The Fundamentals of Microeconomic Theory , Chapters 5 through 10, begins the microeconomics portion of the text, presenting the theories of consumer behavior, production and costs, and the different models of market structure, including some simple game theory.
  • Microeconomic Policy Issues , Chapters 11 through 18, covers the range of topics in applied micro, framed around the concepts of public goods and positive and negative externalities. Students explore competition and antitrust policies, environmental problems, poverty, income inequality, and other labor market issues. The text also covers information, risk and financial markets, as well as public economy.
  • International Economics , Chapters 19 and 20, the final part of the text, introduces the international dimensions of economics, including international trade and protectionism.

Questions & Answers

what is inferior good
Triloki Reply
inferior Good is that who does not hold law of demand.which means with a decrease in price ,quantity demand does not increases
Akshya
What is an axiom in economics
Akerivaan Reply
And it examples
Akerivaan
what is inferior good
Triloki
Why is normal indifference curve convex to the origin? In which way does this convexity affect the marginal rate of substitution?
Alwyn Reply
What is Budget constraint
Veena Reply
Budget constraints is when government expenditure is greater than government revenue or when revenue is less than expenditure.
Jeremiah
thanks
fuh
join you to microeconomic
fuh
what is the deferent between quantity demand and quantity demanded
Affoh
what will happen to the budget constraints if the consumer income decline?
Maryam Reply
please what is the relationship between microeconomics and macroeconomics?
Maryam
Accordingly, Microeconomics focuses on the drivers of decision making, as well as the ways in which individuals' decisions affect the overall supply and demand and supply of particular goods and services, in an economy, and in turn their prices. Whereas Macroeconomics is the study of the big picture
Donia
Of the economy (retrieved from Google)
Donia
***quora.com/How-do-microeconomics-and-macroeconomics-interrelate
Donia
when consumer's income decline then purchasing power of consumer decreases .Budget line shifts inward.
Zeeshan
what is a deductive reasoning
tobi Reply
Deductive reasoning makes use of to arrive at the conclusion.That is, the premise must be real and put to rest .
Jeremiah
Deductive statement makes use of facts to arrive at the conclusion.That is ,the premise must be real and put to rest in order to produce the required results.
Jeremiah
what is scarcity
Agegnehu
scarcity is as a result of miss management and poor allocation of resources.
Jeremiah
what is monopoly in economics
Kenneth
price change in case of an inferior good
divya Reply
Search on Google
Harsh
the purchase of an inferior good decreases with increase in income and vice versa
Alwyn
what is frontier
Ebrima Reply
I want the answers
Gideon
What is the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics?
Krysstel Reply
what is demand
Chidex Reply
demand Is the quantity of goods a consumer is willing and able to produce at a given price and at a particular period of time.
inioluwa
fixed and variable factors of production
muqtaar Reply
James' income declines, and as a result, he buys more spinach. Is spinach an inferior or a normal good? What happens to James' demand curve for spinach?
Alwyn Reply
When the price floor is implemented, the equilibrium quantity will decrease. Is it true or wrong?
naim Reply
it's true
Nathaniel
what is elasticity
Chibuzor Reply
calculate the price elasticity of demand for Mr chibuzor (y) using both arc and price elasticity formulae
Chibuzor
The best way to understand elasticity is just looking to your behavior as a consumer. Just think about the basic need like food. We all know without, one end up dying if could not eat for a couple of days. It is a reason we say the demand is inelastic. It's impossible to survive without food.
busywork
On the other hand, the demand for luxury goods is elastic because it's sensitive to price changes as it is possible to survive without such good like expensive car. We say demand for such goods is elastic because as consumers, we have an option of not buying as it's possible to survive without them.
busywork
pls how do u calculate for the opportunity cost of two commodities when giving two commodities in question, and one is measured in tons and the other is measured in units
DBA Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Microeconomics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11627/1.10
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