<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Finally, the administration objected to a proposed new PSAC-like committee called the President’s Committee on Science, Engineering, and Technology.

When finally signed into law, the OSTP Act was closer to the Senate than the House version. Provisions regarding the relationship between the director and the Domestic Council and National Security Council were eliminated, as was the provision of grants to the states. A federal-state advisory committee was established, as were FCCSET and a President’s Committee on Science and Technology (PCST). PCST was temporary, extendable after two years at the president’s pleasure, and assigned the specific task of carrying out the federal science and technology survey originally in the House bill.

Finally, the bill mandated that a five-year science and technology outlook and annual science and technology report be sent to Congress.

Left to right: former Congressman (D-CT) and at that time Director of the Office of Technology Assessment Emilio Daddario, Congressman Charles Mosher (R-OH) and Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA).

The bill was an attempt at accommodating a plethora of conflicting and overlapping interests, including those of the scientific establishment (exemplified by the National Academy of Sciences), with its insistence on special access to the president; federal line agencies (and their constituents) intent on preserving their turf; science-related interest groups and populist scientific organizations such as the AAAS; state and local governments; educational organizations; and groups concerned with equity for women and minorities. While the act accommodated most of these interests, at least on paper, it failed to resolve the perennial problem of unifying defense and non-defense science policy. It granted no explicit authority of the OSTP director over defense R&D, and included no statutory relationship between OSTP and the National Security Council.

Congressional fellows

During the interregnum between the Nixon administration’s expulsion of the presidential science advisory system and its restoration, while the act was being debated in congress, professional scientific societies had moved more boldly into the political arena. In 1974, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) obtained funding for seven Congressional Fellows; the American Physical Society (APS) obtained funding for two more. The fellows (generally junior university faculty members) were assigned to the staffs of congressmen or committees for a year. Within a few years, several other professional scientific societies were also sponsoring Congressional Fellows.

Aaas science policy forum

During deliberations over the bill, the AAAS undertook a pilot project analyzing presidential R&D budgets, culminating in a two-day meeting in June 1975. Scientists came from all over the country to participate. Speakers included Stever, several prominent congressmen and congressional committee staff, representatives of key federal agencies, and scholars expert in science policy. The AAAS decided to make the R&D Budget Colloquium an annual event, and within a few years it had grown into the annual AAAS Science Policy Forum. These annual colloquia were instrumental in introducing working scientists to the complex politics of science policy.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask