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Finally, the administration objected to a proposed new PSAC-like committee called the President’s Committee on Science, Engineering, and Technology.

When finally signed into law, the OSTP Act was closer to the Senate than the House version. Provisions regarding the relationship between the director and the Domestic Council and National Security Council were eliminated, as was the provision of grants to the states. A federal-state advisory committee was established, as were FCCSET and a President’s Committee on Science and Technology (PCST). PCST was temporary, extendable after two years at the president’s pleasure, and assigned the specific task of carrying out the federal science and technology survey originally in the House bill.

Finally, the bill mandated that a five-year science and technology outlook and annual science and technology report be sent to Congress.

Left to right: former Congressman (D-CT) and at that time Director of the Office of Technology Assessment Emilio Daddario, Congressman Charles Mosher (R-OH) and Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA).

The bill was an attempt at accommodating a plethora of conflicting and overlapping interests, including those of the scientific establishment (exemplified by the National Academy of Sciences), with its insistence on special access to the president; federal line agencies (and their constituents) intent on preserving their turf; science-related interest groups and populist scientific organizations such as the AAAS; state and local governments; educational organizations; and groups concerned with equity for women and minorities. While the act accommodated most of these interests, at least on paper, it failed to resolve the perennial problem of unifying defense and non-defense science policy. It granted no explicit authority of the OSTP director over defense R&D, and included no statutory relationship between OSTP and the National Security Council.

Congressional fellows

During the interregnum between the Nixon administration’s expulsion of the presidential science advisory system and its restoration, while the act was being debated in congress, professional scientific societies had moved more boldly into the political arena. In 1974, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) obtained funding for seven Congressional Fellows; the American Physical Society (APS) obtained funding for two more. The fellows (generally junior university faculty members) were assigned to the staffs of congressmen or committees for a year. Within a few years, several other professional scientific societies were also sponsoring Congressional Fellows.

Aaas science policy forum

During deliberations over the bill, the AAAS undertook a pilot project analyzing presidential R&D budgets, culminating in a two-day meeting in June 1975. Scientists came from all over the country to participate. Speakers included Stever, several prominent congressmen and congressional committee staff, representatives of key federal agencies, and scholars expert in science policy. The AAAS decided to make the R&D Budget Colloquium an annual event, and within a few years it had grown into the annual AAAS Science Policy Forum. These annual colloquia were instrumental in introducing working scientists to the complex politics of science policy.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A history of federal science policy from the new deal to the present. OpenStax CNX. Jun 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11210/1.2
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