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The analog “commons” as depicted in Toulmin’s work was a bounded space. For all the complexity that Toulmin introduced, concepts evolved in ways that were intuitively organized and generally rational. The digital commons we apprehend today is often a contested zone where bounded and unbounded impulses compete: intellectual property laws, copyright, and the commodification of information can struggle with open access, file sharing, social networks, and a much more freeform, non-hierarchical, even chaotic participation in the creation and distribution of knowledge. The unbounded features of the new digital knowledge commons have resulted in the reconceptualization of academic libraries and, by extension, of the modern university.

The shape of things to come

In addition to the complexities that the disparate lexicons and methods of extracting meaning within analog and digital environments entail, three other circumstances impede resolution of the ongoing crisis in scholarly publishing. One is the absence of a working model to induce migration to a digital publication platform, and a business plan that forecasts sustainability for that model. The second is the lack of incentives to allow adjustments for staff layoffs or reassignments; and the third is the general failure of higher education to address the disruptive challenges and potentially liberating opportunities posed by the digital revolution. This last section will ground the argument in more concrete terms.

A working model

I believe that the Rice University Press/NINES collaboration offers one such model: it is a coherent response to scholarship and teaching set in a burgeoning digital library, is flexible to allow for new questions and methodological approaches to research in the targeted fields of study, and can produce new modes of expression within its publication/product line that reflect these new approaches. As an open-source solution, it is susceptible to broadly based contributions and enhancements to its tools and underlying software, and is agnostic to disciplinary focus. An impeccable peer review process is readily available—indeed built into this model—to guarantee rigor of assessment and trusted reviews.

The business model can be addressed on two levels. There is the “local” calculation specific to the Rice University Press that focuses on the return of investment through sales and other revenue streams, such as grants and gifts. We have found that since re-opening the press, every publication continues to sell each month; extrapolating that the press will publish titles with greater frequency indefinitely, cost recovery can be calculated. The low overhead of the press is also a factor in its longer-term sustainability. New modes of publication as revenue are difficult to calculate; the expected sale of the Literature by Design chapbooks for students is expected to bring in considerable income while significantly enhancing interest in Victorian Studies, yet that remains to be proven. A relatively small gift that would establish an endowment would help sustain the press in perpetuity, but such a gift is speculative.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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